* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 116 countries was 64.03 percent.The highest value was in Mongolia: 275.75 percent and the lowest value was in Iran: 2.69 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2020 Global rank Available data
Mongolia 275.75 1 1992 - 2020
Lebanon 222.11 2 1989 - 2020
Panama 208.13 3 1970 - 2020
Montenegro 200.64 4 2006 - 2020
Zambia 170.7 5 1970 - 2020
Mauritius 155.66 6 1976 - 2020
Mozambique 154.41 7 1991 - 2020
Jamaica 135.01 8 1970 - 2020
Georgia 132.97 9 1993 - 2020
Bhutan 132.05 10 1981 - 2020
Angola 125.88 11 1989 - 2020
Cape Verde 124.56 12 1981 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 117.43 13 1992 - 2020
Sudan 115.59 14 1970 - 2020
Armenia 105.21 15 1993 - 2020
Kazakhstan 104.4 16 1993 - 2020
Tunisia 101.13 17 1970 - 2020
Nicaragua 98.31 18 1970 - 2020
Maldives 96.91 19 1985 - 2020
Belize 96.73 20 1970 - 2020
Laos 94.78 21 1984 - 2020
Somalia 94.09 22 1970 - 2020
North Macedonia 89.93 23 1993 - 2020
Jordan 87.25 24 1970 - 2020
Djibouti 81.52 25 1991 - 2020
Ukraine 81.42 26 1992 - 2020
Rwanda 81.14 27 1970 - 2020
El Salvador 78.6 28 1970 - 2020
Serbia 74.39 29 1997 - 2020
Albania 74.19 30 1991 - 2020
Papua N.G. 73.66 31 1970 - 2020
Belarus 73.58 32 1994 - 2020
Mauritania 73.13 33 1970 - 2020
Zimbabwe 73.02 34 1970 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 72.13 35 1999 - 2020
Sri Lanka 71.78 36 1970 - 2020
Senegal 71.69 37 1970 - 2020
Tajikistan 71.12 38 1992 - 2020
Cambodia 70.82 39 1995 - 2020
Moldova 68.43 40 1996 - 2020
Argentina 66.94 41 1970 - 2020
Dominica 63.51 42 1981 - 2020
Bulgaria 63.23 43 1981 - 2020
Grenada 62.55 44 1977 - 2020
S.T.&Principe 61.91 45 2001 - 2020
Turkey 61.29 46 1970 - 2020
R. of Congo 61.09 47 1970 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 59.3 48 1970 - 2020
Ecuador 58.54 49 1970 - 2020
Colombia 58.31 50 1970 - 2020
Romania 58.16 51 1989 - 2020
Morocco 58.11 52 1970 - 2020
Paraguay 57.13 53 1995 - 2020
Samoa 56.31 54 1982 - 2020
G.-Bissau 55.34 55 1970 - 2020
Uzbekistan 53.86 56 1992 - 2020
Costa Rica 53.68 57 1970 - 2020
Sierra Leone 53.03 58 1970 - 2020
Gabon 52.51 59 1970 - 2020
Liberia 52.12 60 2000 - 2020
South Africa 51.78 61 1994 - 2020
St. Vincent & ... 50.17 62 1970 - 2020
Lesotho 50.15 63 1970 - 2020
Honduras 49.97 64 1970 - 2020
Vietnam 48.93 65 1989 - 2020
Saint Lucia 48.23 66 1981 - 2020
Vanuatu 46.92 67 1981 - 2020
Uganda 46.54 68 1970 - 2020
Pakistan 45.31 69 1970 - 2020
Mexico 45.08 70 1970 - 2020
Ghana 44.26 71 1970 - 2020
Bolivia 42.67 72 1976 - 2020
Gambia 42.22 73 1970 - 2020
Ivory Coast 42.16 74 1970 - 2020
Thailand 41.89 75 1970 - 2020
Tanzania 41.25 76 1988 - 2020
Indonesia 40.54 77 1970 - 2020
Brazil 38.76 78 1970 - 2020
Madagascar 38.46 79 1970 - 2020
Kenya 38.45 80 1970 - 2020
C.A. Republic 38.08 81 1970 - 2020
Peru 37.56 82 1970 - 2020
Azerbaijan 37.33 83 1993 - 2020
Egypt 37.18 84 1970 - 2020
Chad 36.73 85 1970 - 2020
Tonga 36.65 86 1985 - 2020
Mali 36.31 87 1970 - 2020
Fiji 35.68 88 1970 - 2020
Niger 34.89 89 1970 - 2020
Cameroon 34.73 90 1970 - 2020
Benin 33.9 91 1970 - 2020
Togo 33.54 92 1970 - 2020
Guatemala 32.98 93 1970 - 2020
Russia 32.82 94 1992 - 2020
Guyana 32.68 95 1970 - 2020
Guinea 29.12 96 1986 - 2020
Ethiopia 28.36 97 1981 - 2020
Solomon Isl. 27.12 98 1978 - 2020
Burkina Faso 26.97 99 1970 - 2020
Philippines 25.3 100 1970 - 2020
Malawi 24.79 101 1970 - 2020
Comoros 24.54 102 1980 - 2020
Nepal 23.21 103 1970 - 2020
Burundi 21.92 104 1970 - 2020
Swaziland 21.43 105 1970 - 2020
India 21.41 106 1970 - 2020
Bangladesh 19.99 107 1973 - 2020
Burma 17.18 108 1970 - 2020
Nigeria 16.94 109 1970 - 2020
China 16.07 110 1981 - 2020
Haiti 15.94 111 1980 - 2020
Afghanistan 14.95 112 2009 - 2020
DR Congo 12.94 113 1994 - 2020
Botswana 10.58 114 1970 - 2020
Algeria 3.64 115 1970 - 2020
Iran 2.69 116 1980 - 2020


Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
275.75
222.11
208.13
200.64
170.70
155.66
154.41
135.01
132.97
132.05
125.88
124.56
117.43
115.59
105.21
104.40
101.13
98.31
96.91
96.73
94.78
94.09
89.93
87.25
81.52
81.42
81.14
78.60
74.39
74.19
73.66
73.58
73.13
73.02
72.13
71.78
71.69
71.12
70.82
68.43
66.94
63.51
63.23
62.55
61.91
61.29
61.09
59.30
58.54
58.31
58.16
58.11
57.13
56.31
55.34
53.86
53.68
53.03
52.51
52.12
51.78
50.17
50.15
49.97
48.93
48.23
46.92
46.54
45.31
45.08
44.26
42.67
42.22
42.16
41.89
41.25
40.54
38.76
38.46
38.45
38.08
37.56
37.33
37.18
36.73
36.65
36.31
35.68
34.89
34.73
33.90
33.54
32.98
32.82
32.68
29.12
28.36
27.12
26.97
25.30
24.79
24.54
23.21
21.92
21.43
21.41
19.99
17.18
16.94
16.07
15.94
14.95
12.94
10.58
3.64
2.69
0
68.9
137.9
206.8
275.75
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