* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 113 countries was 56.76 percent. The highest value was in Mozambique: 423.64 percent and the lowest value was in Iran: 2.41 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Mozambique 423.64 1 1991 - 2022
Mongolia 224.08 2 1992 - 2022
Montenegro 138.74 3 2006 - 2022
Mauritius 136.77 4 1976 - 2022
Laos 130.74 5 1984 - 2022
Suriname 125.57 6 2015 - 2022
Senegal 120.4 7 1970 - 2022
Jamaica 104.83 8 1970 - 2022
Georgia 104.07 9 1992 - 2022
Nicaragua 102.23 10 1988 - 2022
Zambia 98.41 11 1970 - 2022
Cape Verde 91.49 12 1981 - 2022
North Macedonia 89.26 13 1993 - 2022
Djibouti 88.48 14 1991 - 2022
Tunisia 87.95 15 1970 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 87.1 16 1992 - 2022
Jordan 85.58 17 1970 - 2022
Ukraine 82.45 18 1992 - 2022
Sri Lanka 81 19 1970 - 2022
Kazakhstan 80.87 20 1993 - 2022
Cambodia 80.38 21 1995 - 2022
Armenia 78.84 22 1993 - 2022
Rwanda 74.36 23 1970 - 2022
Serbia 73.12 24 1997 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 71.29 25 2001 - 2022
Maldives 71.17 26 1985 - 2022
El Salvador 69.56 27 1970 - 2022
Lesotho 67.12 28 1970 - 2022
Moldova 66.74 29 1996 - 2022
Dominica 66.15 30 1981 - 2022
Papua N.G. 62.75 31 1970 - 2022
St. Vincent & ... 62.7 32 1970 - 2022
G.-Bissau 61.68 33 1970 - 2022
Ghana 61.43 34 1970 - 2022
Angola 60.88 35 1989 - 2022
Costa Rica 60.74 36 1970 - 2022
Paraguay 60.44 37 1995 - 2022
Uzbekistan 60.4 38 1992 - 2022
Grenada 60.32 39 1977 - 2022
Burkina Faso 57.58 40 1970 - 2022
Belarus 56.79 41 1993 - 2022
Samoa 56.61 42 1982 - 2022
Albania 56.3 43 1991 - 2022
Colombia 55.79 44 1970 - 2022
Tajikistan 55.32 45 1992 - 2022
Belize 54.31 46 1970 - 2022
Bulgaria 54.02 47 1981 - 2022
Fiji 53.8 48 1970 - 2022
Ecuador 53.62 49 1970 - 2022
R. of Congo 53.44 50 1970 - 2022
Bosnia & Herz. 53.05 51 1999 - 2022
Gambia 52.39 52 1970 - 2022
Zimbabwe 51.61 53 1970 - 2022
Turkey 51.05 54 1970 - 2022
Liberia 50.76 55 2000 - 2022
Morocco 50.15 56 1970 - 2022
Sierra Leone 48.94 57 1970 - 2022
Mauritania 47.35 58 1970 - 2022
Ivory Coast 47.11 59 1970 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 44.27 60 1970 - 2022
Sudan 44.15 61 1970 - 2022
Uganda 43.6 62 1970 - 2022
South Africa 43.38 63 1994 - 2022
Honduras 43.07 64 1970 - 2022
Benin 42.36 65 1970 - 2022
Mexico 41.92 66 1970 - 2022
Gabon 41.79 67 1970 - 2022
Saint Lucia 40.59 68 1981 - 2022
C.A. Republic 40.58 69 1970 - 2022
Tanzania 40.53 70 1988 - 2022
Somalia 40.14 71 1970 - 2022
Argentina 40 72 1983 - 2022
Thailand 39.95 73 1970 - 2022
Vanuatu 39.94 74 1981 - 2022
Madagascar 39.91 75 1970 - 2022
Peru 38.99 76 1982 - 2022
Niger 38.52 77 1970 - 2022
Vietnam 37.7 78 1989 - 2022
Togo 37.31 79 1970 - 2022
Bolivia 37.28 80 1976 - 2022
Kenya 37.22 81 1970 - 2022
Egypt 35.38 82 1970 - 2022
Cameroon 35.11 83 1970 - 2022
Mali 35.11 84 1970 - 2022
Pakistan 34.36 85 1970 - 2022
Solomon Isl. 31.33 86 1978 - 2022
Brazil 31.11 87 1989 - 2022
Indonesia 30.89 88 1970 - 2022
Comoros 29.53 89 1980 - 2022
Burundi 28.46 90 1970 - 2022
Chad 27.73 91 1970 - 2022
Swaziland 27.51 92 1970 - 2022
Guatemala 26.85 93 1970 - 2022
Guinea 26.07 94 1986 - 2022
Philippines 25.98 95 1970 - 2022
Malawi 25.83 96 1980 - 2022
Ethiopia 22.67 97 1981 - 2022
Nepal 22.26 98 1970 - 2022
Nigeria 21.39 99 2008 - 2022
Azerbaijan 20.8 100 1993 - 2022
Burma 20.6 101 1970 - 2022
Bangladesh 20.28 102 1973 - 2022
India 18.42 103 1970 - 2022
Guyana 17.84 104 1970 - 2022
Russia 17.15 105 1992 - 2022
DR Congo 15.16 106 1994 - 2022
China 13.44 107 1981 - 2022
Haiti 12.63 108 1980 - 2022
Botswana 9.96 109 1970 - 2022
Iraq 8.58 110 2015 - 2022
Turkmenistan 8.09 111 1993 - 2022
Algeria 3.73 112 1970 - 2022
Iran 2.41 113 1980 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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All articles

423.64
224.08
138.74
136.77
130.74
125.57
120.40
104.83
104.07
102.23
98.41
91.49
89.26
88.48
87.95
87.10
85.58
82.45
81.00
80.87
80.38
78.84
74.36
73.12
71.29
71.17
69.56
67.12
66.74
66.15
62.75
62.70
61.68
61.43
60.88
60.74
60.44
60.40
60.32
57.58
56.79
56.61
56.30
55.79
55.32
54.31
54.02
53.80
53.62
53.44
53.05
52.39
51.61
51.05
50.76
50.15
48.94
47.35
47.11
44.27
44.15
43.60
43.38
43.07
42.36
41.92
41.79
40.59
40.58
40.53
40.14
40.00
39.95
39.94
39.91
38.99
38.52
37.70
37.31
37.28
37.22
35.38
35.11
35.11
34.36
31.33
31.11
30.89
29.53
28.46
27.73
27.51
26.85
26.07
25.98
25.83
22.67
22.26
21.39
20.80
20.60
20.28
18.42
17.84
17.15
15.16
13.44
12.63
9.96
8.58
8.09
3.73
2.41
0
105.9
211.8
317.7
423.64
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