* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 26 countries was 55.51 percent. The highest value was in Mongolia: 224.08 percent and the lowest value was in Iran: 2.41 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Mongolia 224.08 1 1992 - 2022
Laos 130.74 2 1984 - 2022
Georgia 104.07 3 1992 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 87.1 4 1992 - 2022
Jordan 85.58 5 1970 - 2022
Sri Lanka 81 6 1970 - 2022
Kazakhstan 80.87 7 1993 - 2022
Cambodia 80.38 8 1995 - 2022
Armenia 78.84 9 1993 - 2022
Maldives 71.17 10 1985 - 2022
Uzbekistan 60.4 11 1992 - 2022
Tajikistan 55.32 12 1992 - 2022
Thailand 39.95 13 1970 - 2022
Vietnam 37.7 14 1989 - 2022
Pakistan 34.36 15 1970 - 2022
Indonesia 30.89 16 1970 - 2022
Philippines 25.98 17 1970 - 2022
Nepal 22.26 18 1970 - 2022
Azerbaijan 20.8 19 1993 - 2022
Burma 20.6 20 1970 - 2022
Bangladesh 20.28 21 1973 - 2022
India 18.42 22 1970 - 2022
China 13.44 23 1981 - 2022
Iraq 8.58 24 2015 - 2022
Turkmenistan 8.09 25 1993 - 2022
Iran 2.41 26 1980 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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