Jordan: External debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income

 Latest value 85.58
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1970 - 2022
 Average 84.21
 Min - Max 18.09 - 243.60
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Jordan from 1970 to 2022. The average value for Jordan during that period was 84.21 percent with a minimum of 18.09 percent in 1970 and a maximum of 243.6 percent in 1991. The latest value from 2022 is 85.58 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 113 countries is 56.76 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Jordan - External debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Jordan - External debt - historical chart - 1970-2022

The external debt of Jordan and other countries is reported as the total international obligations of the country as percent of its GDP. External debt of less than 60 percent of GDP is not a problem. At higher levels, paying the interest on the debt may start to become difficult.
Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 99.39 2021 percent
 Trade openness 80.49 2021 percent
 Financial openness 2.299 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 36.67 2019 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 14.03 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Imports, percent of GDP 49.15 2019 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 23.23 2021 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 2.34 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 1.14 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -95.63 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -5.80 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -4.16 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -12.48 2019 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -9.62 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 15.54 2016 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 10.28 2022 percent
 Remittances 5,000.07 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 1,306.08 2022 million USD
 External debt 85.58 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 38.30 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 67.36 2016 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 14.06 9/2023 billion
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