* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 8 countries was 48.08 percent. The highest value was in Laos: 130.74 percent and the lowest value was in India: 18.42 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Laos 130.74 1 1984 - 2022
Cambodia 80.38 2 1995 - 2022
Thailand 39.95 3 1970 - 2022
Vietnam 37.7 4 1989 - 2022
Indonesia 30.89 5 1970 - 2022
Philippines 25.98 6 1970 - 2022
Burma 20.6 7 1970 - 2022
India 18.42 8 1970 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

Selected articles from our guide:

What factors determine the exchange rates

International lending and sovereign debt

Are trade deficits bad for the economy?

The unholy trinity of international finance

Most commonly used measures of corruption

All articles

This site uses cookies.
Learn more here


OK