Romania: External debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Romania

External debt, percent of Gross National Income

 Latest value 57.51
 Year 2020
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1989 - 2020
 Average 39.01
 Min - Max 2.62 - 68.66
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Romania from 1989 to 2020. The average value for Romania during that period was 39.01 percent with a minimum of 2.62 percent in 1989 and a maximum of 68.66 percent in 2010. The latest value from 2020 is 57.51 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 120 countries is 65.91 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Romania - External debt - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Romania - External debt - historical chart - 1989-2020




The external debt of Romania and other countries is reported as the total international obligations of the country as percent of its GDP. External debt of less than 60 percent of GDP is not a problem. At higher levels, paying the interest on the debt may start to become difficult.
Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 99.27 2021 percent
 Trade openness 92.82 2022 percent
 Financial openness 1.793 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 42.97 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 129.22 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 9.56 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 49.84 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 149.88 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 3.82 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 11.88 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -249.70 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -7.00 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars -27.33 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -6.87 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -19.92 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 55.81 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.88 2022 percent
 Remittances 8,659.80 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions 3,793.42 2022 million USD
 External debt 57.51 2020 percent
 Short-term external debt 12.48 2020 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 34.04 2020 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 65.12 9/2023 billion
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