* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 8 countries was 41.79 percent. The highest value was in Paraguay: 60.42 percent and the lowest value was in Guyana: 16.75 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Paraguay 60.42 1 -
Colombia 55.72 2 -
Ecuador 53.54 3 -
Argentina 39.86 4 -
Peru 38.8 5 -
Bolivia 38.09 6 -
Brazil 31.11 7 -
Guyana 16.75 8 -



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
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