Brazil: External debt

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Brazil

External debt, percent of Gross National Income

 Latest value 38.91
 Reference 2021
 Measure percent
 Source The World Bank

For that indicator, we provide data for Brazil from 1970 to 2021. The average value for Brazil during that period was 30.57 percent with a minimum of 14.34 percent in 1970 and a maximum of 59.1 percent in 1985. The latest value from 2021 is 38.91 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 111 countries is 64.09 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


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Longer historical series

The external debt of Brazil and other countries is reported as the total international obligations of the country as percent of its GDP. External debt of less than 60 percent of GDP is not a problem. At higher levels, paying the interest on the debt may start to become difficult.

Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
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