* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

GDP per capita, Purchasing Power Parity, 2021 - Country rankings:

The average for 2021 based on 173 countries was 21226.17 U.S. dollars.The highest value was in Luxembourg: 118680.05 U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Burundi: 722.05 U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries GDP per capita, PPP, 2021 Global rank Available data
Luxembourg 118680.05 1 1990 - 2021
Singapore 106032.23 2 1990 - 2021
Ireland 102154.44 3 1990 - 2021
Qatar 85128.23 4 2000 - 2021
Bermuda 77546.61 5 1990 - 2021
Switzerland 70792.66 6 1990 - 2021
Macao 67178.74 7 1990 - 2021
Norway 65688.55 8 1990 - 2021
USA 63069.23 9 1990 - 2021
Brunei 60640.97 10 1990 - 2021
Hong Kong 60051.75 11 1990 - 2021
Denmark 58187.04 12 1990 - 2021
Netherlands 56761.02 13 1990 - 2021
Austria 53944.53 14 1990 - 2021
Iceland 53462.65 15 1995 - 2021
Sweden 53050.33 16 1990 - 2021
Germany 52930.81 17 1990 - 2021
Belgium 51601.89 18 1990 - 2021
Australia 49308.52 19 1990 - 2021
Finland 48936.71 20 1990 - 2021
Canada 47903.03 21 1997 - 2021
Euro area 46301.02 22 1990 - 2021
UK 45839.15 23 1990 - 2021
France 45187.45 24 1990 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 45104.28 25 1990 - 2021
Malta 44395.33 26 1990 - 2021
South Korea 44116.01 27 1990 - 2021
New Zealand 43301.43 28 1990 - 2021
Italy 41937.21 29 1990 - 2021
Israel 41582.47 30 1995 - 2021
Bahrain 41335.63 31 1990 - 2021
Cyprus 40791.43 32 1990 - 2021
Japan 40769.83 33 1990 - 2021
Slovenia 39969.81 34 1995 - 2021
Czechia 39777.79 35 1990 - 2021
Lithuania 38957.63 36 1995 - 2021
Estonia 38207.41 37 1995 - 2021
Spain 38097.84 38 1990 - 2021
Poland 34363.02 39 1990 - 2021
Hungary 33517.97 40 1991 - 2021
Portugal 33514.27 41 1990 - 2021
Latvia 31688.53 42 1995 - 2021
Slovakia 31498.13 43 1992 - 2021
Turkey 31252.08 44 1990 - 2021
Bahamas 31046.79 45 1990 - 2021
Croatia 31046.63 46 1995 - 2021
Romania 30854.64 47 1990 - 2021
Greece 29428.39 48 1990 - 2021
Panama 28837 49 1990 - 2021
Russia 27969.68 50 1990 - 2021
Seychelles 27159.66 51 1990 - 2021
Malaysia 26959.25 52 1990 - 2021
Kazakhstan 26033.24 53 1990 - 2021
Chile 25821.11 54 1990 - 2021
Tr.&Tobago 24456.78 55 1990 - 2021
Bulgaria 23431.97 56 1990 - 2021
Uruguay 22415.4 57 1990 - 2021
Guyana 22295.49 58 1990 - 2021
Argentina 21506.92 59 1990 - 2021
Costa Rica 21260.76 60 1990 - 2021
Libya 21260.43 61 1999 - 2021
Montenegro 20566.84 62 1997 - 2021
Mauritius 20244.16 63 1990 - 2021
Serbia 19761.65 64 1995 - 2021
Belarus 19751.2 65 1990 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 18905.22 66 1990 - 2021
Mexico 18544.71 67 1990 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 18057.29 68 1990 - 2021
China 17602.7 69 1990 - 2021
Thailand 17485.51 70 1990 - 2021
Maldives 16595.96 71 1995 - 2021
Eq. Guinea 16500.34 72 1990 - 2021
North Macedonia 16464.34 73 1990 - 2021
Botswana 16023.85 74 1990 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 15634.93 75 1994 - 2021
Georgia 15471.71 76 1990 - 2021
Grenada 15183.41 77 1990 - 2021
Suriname 15179.06 78 1990 - 2021
Colombia 14705.11 79 1990 - 2021
Brazil 14615.05 80 1990 - 2021
Albania 14520.11 81 1990 - 2021
Azerbaijan 14421.05 82 1990 - 2021
Moldova 14233.85 83 1995 - 2021
Gabon 14197.7 84 1990 - 2021
Barbados 13487.1 85 1990 - 2021
Armenia 13317.23 86 1990 - 2021
South Africa 13126.01 87 1990 - 2021
Ukraine 12943.61 88 1990 - 2021
Sri Lanka 12859.34 89 1990 - 2021
Saint Lucia 12790.3 90 1990 - 2021
St. Vincent & ... 12763.06 91 1990 - 2021
Paraguay 12721.57 92 1990 - 2021
Peru 12648.22 93 1990 - 2021
Egypt 12121.16 94 1990 - 2021
Indonesia 11746.22 95 1990 - 2021
Mongolia 11708.36 96 1990 - 2021
Fiji 10977.45 97 1990 - 2021
Algeria 10957.16 98 1990 - 2021
Dominica 10899.26 99 1990 - 2021
Ecuador 10614.64 100 1990 - 2021
Tunisia 10554.14 101 1990 - 2021
Vietnam 10516.22 102 1990 - 2021
Jordan 9969.11 103 1990 - 2021
Lebanon 9731.72 104 1990 - 2021
Iraq 9474.78 105 1990 - 2021
Jamaica 9126.12 106 1990 - 2021
Swaziland 8934.88 107 1990 - 2021
Namibia 8925.2 108 1990 - 2021
Guatemala 8892.48 109 1990 - 2021
El Salvador 8800.99 110 1990 - 2021
Philippines 8301.23 111 1990 - 2021
Bolivia 8219.94 112 1990 - 2021
Laos 7895.57 113 1990 - 2021
Uzbekistan 7734.83 114 1990 - 2021
Morocco 7412.67 115 1990 - 2021
India 6675.35 116 1990 - 2021
Cape Verde 6397.3 117 1990 - 2021
Belize 6300.27 118 1990 - 2021
Bangladesh 6019.52 119 1990 - 2021
Angola 5990.42 120 1990 - 2021
Samoa 5844.15 121 1990 - 2021
Nicaragua 5763.43 122 1990 - 2021
Honduras 5691.42 123 1990 - 2021
Palestine 5643.07 124 1994 - 2021
Ghana 5623.81 125 1990 - 2021
Ivory Coast 5406.69 126 1990 - 2021
Djibouti 5393.98 127 2013 - 2021
Pakistan 5350.15 128 1990 - 2021
Mauritania 5089.99 129 1990 - 2021
Nigeria 4969.22 130 1990 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 4813.23 131 1990 - 2021
Tuvalu 4626.31 132 1990 - 2021
Kenya 4572.67 133 1990 - 2021
Cambodia 4262.72 134 1993 - 2021
S.T.&Principe 4046.92 135 2001 - 2021
Papua N.G. 4046.41 136 1990 - 2021
Burma 3955 137 1990 - 2021
Tajikistan 3903.5 138 1990 - 2021
Nepal 3878.44 139 1990 - 2021
Sudan 3838.74 140 1990 - 2021
Cameroon 3699.7 141 1990 - 2021
Benin 3449.2 142 1990 - 2021
Senegal 3430.44 143 1990 - 2021
Zambia 3298.63 144 1990 - 2021
R. of Congo 3292.26 145 1990 - 2021
Micronesia 3226.14 146 1990 - 2021
Comoros 2989.64 147 1990 - 2021
Haiti 2846.74 148 1990 - 2021
Vanuatu 2826.47 149 1990 - 2021
Tanzania 2669.43 150 1990 - 2021
Guinea 2620.25 151 1990 - 2021
Lesotho 2441.51 152 1990 - 2021
Solomon Isl. 2417.73 153 1990 - 2021
Ethiopia 2366.42 154 1990 - 2021
Rwanda 2270.22 155 1990 - 2021
Burkina Faso 2240.99 156 1990 - 2021
Mali 2227.69 157 1990 - 2021
Zimbabwe 2225.09 158 1990 - 2021
Gambia 2215.46 159 1990 - 2021
Uganda 2182.57 160 1990 - 2021
Togo 2166.55 161 1990 - 2021
G.-Bissau 1872.48 162 1990 - 2021
Sierra Leone 1653.18 163 1990 - 2021
Malawi 1509.5 164 1990 - 2021
Madagascar 1488.65 165 1990 - 2021
Chad 1447.81 166 1990 - 2021
Liberia 1413.45 167 2000 - 2021
Mozambique 1221.82 168 1990 - 2021
Niger 1192.26 169 1990 - 2021
Somalia 1185.56 170 2013 - 2021
DR Congo 1109.39 171 1990 - 2021
C.A. Republic 928.94 172 1990 - 2021
Burundi 722.05 173 1990 - 2021


Definition: GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as the U.S. dollar has in the United States. GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2011 international dollars.
Is the world income inequality getting smaller?

If poor countries grow faster than rich countries, over time they will catch up in terms of their level of income measured by GDP per capita in PPP terms. This process is called income convergence. Alternatively, incomes would diverge if the rich countries grow more rapidly than poor countries. If economic growth is the same everywhere, then the differences in income across countries would remain the same. There are two main reasons for why incomes across countries might converge over time.

Technology spillover. One reason is that innovations and technologies that are developed in the rich countries soon become available in the poor countries. That happens, for example, through foreign direct investment as companies from the rich countries bring new technologies to the poor countries. When the same technology is available everywhere, then incomes would also tend to become equal over time because technology is an important ingredient of economic development.

Based on that argument, incomes would converge faster if a poor country is ready to use the advanced technology. If it has an educated work force and stable political and economic conditions, the technological spillover is more likely to occur. Conversely, if its education system and institutions are not well developed, the new technology cannot be adopted. The income of the country will lag behind the income of countries with better education and institutions.

Diminishing returns. The second reason is that investments in the rich countries are less profitable than investments in the poor countries. Think of it as follows. If an accounting firm (in a rich country) has 10 computers, one more computer will make little difference. If an accounting firm (in a poor country) has no computers at all, then buying one computer would make a big difference. The investment in that first computer would pay off handsomely. Therefore, international investment would flow primarily from the rich countries to the poor countries where profits are greater. This inflow of investment will make poor countries richer.

However, returns could also be increasing, instead of diminishing. In the example above, if the firm has many computers and much experience using them, an additional computer will be put to good use. If it has only one computer, then it may not know what to do with it. In that version of the story, adding investments to already rich firms or countries is more profitable. Then, investment flows to them and makes them even richer. Incomes around the world diverge instead of converging.

What is the evidence? There is income convergence across countries that are already fairly affluent. For example, incomes have converged significantly in the European Union and other rich countries in North America and elsewhere. Looking more broadly, there is no evidence that the incomes of poor countries in Africa, Latin America and elsewhere have gained relative to the rich countries. In fact, when it comes to the poorest countries, there has even been some income divergence.

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102154.44
85128.23
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60640.97
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53050.33
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51601.89
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