* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 14 countries was 56.44 percent. The highest value was in Jamaica: 104.83 percent and the lowest value was in Haiti: 12.63 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Jamaica 104.83 1 1970 - 2022
Nicaragua 102.23 2 1988 - 2022
El Salvador 69.56 3 1970 - 2022
Dominica 66.15 4 1981 - 2022
St. Vincent & ... 62.7 5 1970 - 2022
Costa Rica 60.74 6 1970 - 2022
Grenada 60.32 7 1977 - 2022
Belize 54.31 8 1970 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 44.27 9 1970 - 2022
Honduras 43.07 10 1970 - 2022
Mexico 41.92 11 1970 - 2022
Saint Lucia 40.59 12 1981 - 2022
Guatemala 26.85 13 1970 - 2022
Haiti 12.63 14 1980 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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