* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 48 countries was 56.7 percent. The highest value was in Mozambique: 373.83 percent and the lowest value was in Algeria: 3.79 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Mozambique 373.83 1 1991 - 2022
Mauritius 131.8 2 1976 - 2022
Senegal 119.23 3 1970 - 2022
Zambia 102.01 4 1970 - 2022
Djibouti 91.94 5 1991 - 2022
Cape Verde 87.96 6 1981 - 2022
Tunisia 87.27 7 1970 - 2022
Rwanda 74.35 8 1970 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 71.1 9 2001 - 2022
Zimbabwe 68.49 10 1970 - 2022
Ghana 62.73 11 1970 - 2022
G.-Bissau 61.68 12 1970 - 2022
Angola 60.89 13 1989 - 2022
Lesotho 60.34 14 1970 - 2022
Sierra Leone 59.58 15 1970 - 2022
Burkina Faso 58.38 16 1970 - 2022
R. of Congo 58.13 17 1970 - 2022
Somalia 51.53 18 1970 - 2022
Liberia 50.72 19 2000 - 2022
Gambia 50.52 20 1970 - 2022
Morocco 48.89 21 1970 - 2022
Ivory Coast 47.11 22 1970 - 2022
Mauritania 45.05 23 1970 - 2022
Sudan 44.15 24 1970 - 2022
Uganda 43.52 25 1970 - 2022
South Africa 43.31 26 1994 - 2022
Benin 42.35 27 1970 - 2022
Gabon 41.79 28 1970 - 2022
Madagascar 40.86 29 1970 - 2022
C.A. Republic 40.58 30 1970 - 2022
Tanzania 40.54 31 1988 - 2022
Niger 38.52 32 1970 - 2022
Togo 38.26 33 1970 - 2022
Kenya 37.22 34 1970 - 2022
Egypt 35.38 35 1970 - 2022
Mali 35.11 36 1970 - 2022
Cameroon 34.51 37 1970 - 2022
Burundi 30.91 38 1970 - 2022
Comoros 29.53 39 1980 - 2022
Chad 27.73 40 1970 - 2022
Swaziland 27.12 41 1970 - 2022
Guinea 26.07 42 1986 - 2022
Malawi 25.83 43 1980 - 2022
Ethiopia 22.67 44 1981 - 2022
Nigeria 21.37 45 1970 - 2022
DR Congo 16.98 46 1994 - 2022
Botswana 10.08 47 1970 - 2022
Algeria 3.79 48 1970 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.
373.83
131.80
119.23
102.01
91.94
87.96
87.27
74.35
71.10
68.49
62.73
61.68
60.89
60.34
59.58
58.38
58.13
51.53
50.72
50.52
48.89
47.11
45.05
44.15
43.52
43.31
42.35
41.79
40.86
40.58
40.54
38.52
38.26
37.22
35.38
35.11
34.51
30.91
29.53
27.73
27.12
26.07
25.83
22.67
21.37
16.98
10.08
3.79
0
93.5
186.9
280.4
373.83
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