* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 8 countries was 45.28 percent. The highest value was in Djibouti: 88.48 percent and the lowest value was in Iran: 2.41 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Djibouti 88.48 1 1991 - 2022
Tunisia 87.95 2 1970 - 2022
Jordan 85.58 3 1970 - 2022
Morocco 50.15 4 1970 - 2022
Egypt 35.38 5 1970 - 2022
Iraq 8.58 6 2015 - 2022
Algeria 3.73 7 1970 - 2022
Iran 2.41 8 1980 - 2022

Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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