* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

External debt, percent of Gross National Income, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 43 countries was 57.46 percent. The highest value was in Mozambique: 423.64 percent and the lowest value was in Botswana: 9.96 percent. The indicator is available from 1970 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries External debt, 2022 Global rank Available data
Mozambique 423.64 1 1991 - 2022
Mauritius 136.77 2 1976 - 2022
Senegal 120.4 3 1970 - 2022
Zambia 98.41 4 1970 - 2022
Cape Verde 91.49 5 1981 - 2022
Rwanda 74.36 6 1970 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 71.29 7 2001 - 2022
Lesotho 67.12 8 1970 - 2022
G.-Bissau 61.68 9 1970 - 2022
Ghana 61.43 10 1970 - 2022
Angola 60.88 11 1989 - 2022
Burkina Faso 57.58 12 1970 - 2022
R. of Congo 53.44 13 1970 - 2022
Gambia 52.39 14 1970 - 2022
Zimbabwe 51.61 15 1970 - 2022
Liberia 50.76 16 2000 - 2022
Sierra Leone 48.94 17 1970 - 2022
Mauritania 47.35 18 1970 - 2022
Ivory Coast 47.11 19 1970 - 2022
Sudan 44.15 20 1970 - 2022
Uganda 43.6 21 1970 - 2022
South Africa 43.38 22 1994 - 2022
Benin 42.36 23 1970 - 2022
Gabon 41.79 24 1970 - 2022
C.A. Republic 40.58 25 1970 - 2022
Tanzania 40.53 26 1988 - 2022
Somalia 40.14 27 1970 - 2022
Madagascar 39.91 28 1970 - 2022
Niger 38.52 29 1970 - 2022
Togo 37.31 30 1970 - 2022
Kenya 37.22 31 1970 - 2022
Cameroon 35.11 32 1970 - 2022
Mali 35.11 33 1970 - 2022
Comoros 29.53 34 1980 - 2022
Burundi 28.46 35 1970 - 2022
Chad 27.73 36 1970 - 2022
Swaziland 27.51 37 1970 - 2022
Guinea 26.07 38 1986 - 2022
Malawi 25.83 39 1980 - 2022
Ethiopia 22.67 40 1981 - 2022
Nigeria 21.39 41 2008 - 2022
DR Congo 15.16 42 1994 - 2022
Botswana 9.96 43 1970 - 2022



Definition: Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

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423.64
136.77
120.40
98.41
91.49
74.36
71.29
67.12
61.68
61.43
60.88
57.58
53.44
52.39
51.61
50.76
48.94
47.35
47.11
44.15
43.60
43.38
42.36
41.79
40.58
40.53
40.14
39.91
38.52
37.31
37.22
35.11
35.11
29.53
28.46
27.73
27.51
26.07
25.83
22.67
21.39
15.16
9.96
0
105.9
211.8
317.7
423.64


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