Data added on: 05 December 2019 - Thursday
Last month
with data
Latest
value
Albania
Building permits
Sep / 2019
202
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Australia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
49.70
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Australia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Australia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
49.70
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Austria
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
18.92
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Austria
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
52.54
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Austria
Investment
Sep / 2019
24.44
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Belgium
Building permits
Aug / 2019
4284
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Belgium
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.63
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Belgium
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.11
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Belgium
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.91
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Brazil
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
51.80
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Brazil
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
52.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Brazil
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
50.90
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Burma (Myanmar)
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
52.70
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Canada
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.30
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Canada
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
1.03
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Canada
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
85.01
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Canada
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
119.76
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Canada
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
599.50
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Canada
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
329.65
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Canada
Investment
Sep / 2019
138.21
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Canada
Labor cost
Sep / 2019
126.21
The index reflects the level of the total compensation of employees in the economy.
Canada
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.40
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
China
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
53.20
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
China
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.80
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
China
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
53.50
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Colombia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
52.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Costa Rica
Business credit
Oct / 2019
9895.76
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Costa Rica
Household credit
Oct / 2019
11238.68
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Costa Rica
Money supply (broad money)
Nov / 2019
11061.14
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Costa Rica
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
21134.44
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Czech Republic
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
43.50
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Egypt
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
47.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Estonia
Business confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-6.43
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Estonia
Consumer confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-0.60
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
Euro area
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.88
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Euro area
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.23
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Euro area
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.98
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Euro area
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
50.60
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Euro area
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
46.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Euro area
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
51.90
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
France
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
2073.82
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
France
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.10
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
France
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.70
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
France
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
52.20
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Germany
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
49.40
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Germany
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
44.10
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Germany
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
51.70
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Ghana
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.40
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Greece
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
54.10
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Hong Kong
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
38.50
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Hungary
Business credit
Oct / 2019
8406.29
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Hungary
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
2.35
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Hungary
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
3378.23
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Hungary
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.21
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Hungary
Household credit
Oct / 2019
6965.00
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Hungary
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
26658.53
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Hungary
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
3586.77
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Hungary
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
4.50
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Hungary
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
15371.29
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
India
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.70
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
India
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.20
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
India
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
52.70
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Indonesia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
48.20
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Ireland
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.00
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Ireland
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.70
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Ireland
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
53.70
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Italy
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
49.60
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Italy
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
47.60
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Italy
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
50.40
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Japan
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
49.80
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Japan
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
48.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Japan
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
50.30
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Kenya
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
53.20
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Latvia
Business confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-0.13
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Latvia
Consumer confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-4.60
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
Lebanon
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Oct / 2019
110.34
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Lebanon
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
37.00
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Macedonia
Building permits
Sep / 2019
214
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Malaysia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.50
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Malta
Business credit
Oct / 2019
3.73
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Malta
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
0.89
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Malta
Household credit
Oct / 2019
6.26
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Malta
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
20.59
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Malta
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
5.38
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Malta
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
9.99
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Mexico
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
48.00
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Moldova
Employment
Sep / 2019
0.91
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Moldova
Unemployment rate
Sep / 2019
4.00
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Mozambique
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
50.70
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Netherlands
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.60
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Nigeria
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
57.70
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Norway
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
23927.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Norway
Exports
Sep / 2019
308260.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Norway
FDI
Sep / 2019
27945.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Philippines
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.40
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Poland
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
46.70
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Qatar
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Oct / 2019
48.30
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Russia
Business confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-2.00
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Russia
Employment
Oct / 2019
72.08
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Russia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.90
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Russia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
45.60
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Russia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
55.60
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Russia
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
4.60
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Saudi Arabia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
58.30
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Singapore
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
50.40
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Singapore
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.80
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
South Africa
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
48.60
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
South Africa
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
47.70
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
South Korea
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.40
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Spain
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
51.90
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Spain
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
47.50
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Spain
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
53.20
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Sweden
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
68800.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Sweden
Exports
Sep / 2019
578000.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Sweden
FDI
Sep / 2019
43700.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Switzerland
Business confidence survey
Nov / 2019
21.68
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Taiwan
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.80
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Thailand
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.30
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Turkey
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
49.50
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Uganda
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
58.60
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
United Arab Emirates
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
50.30
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
United Kingdom
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
200.31
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
United Kingdom
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
49.30
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
United Kingdom
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Dec / 2019
48.90
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
United Kingdom
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), services
Nov / 2019
49.30
The services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the services sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the services sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: business activity, new business, backlogs of work, prices charged, input prices, employment, expectations for activity. The services PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
USA
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
52.00
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
USA
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
52.60
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Vietnam
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), manufacturing
Nov / 2019
51.00
The manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for the manufacturing sector. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing sector is based on questionnaire responses that cover the following economic variables: output, new orders, new export orders, backlogs of work, output prices, input prices, suppliers’ delivery times, stocks of finished goods, quantity of purchases, stocks of purchases, employment, future output. The manufacturing PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Zambia
Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), composite
Nov / 2019
48.70
The composite Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of economic health for manufacturing and service sectors. The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers. Each country PMI survey for the manufacturing or service sector is based on questionnaire responses from panels of senior purchasing executives (or similar) at over 400 companies. The composite PMI is a number from 0 to 100. A PMI above 50 represents an expansion when compared with the previous month. A PMI reading under 50 represents a contraction, and a reading at 50 indicates no change.
Data added on: 04 December 2019 - Wednesday
Last month
with data
Latest
value
Albania
Budget balance
Sep / 2019
1286.94
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Armenia
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
131.18
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Australia
Budget balance
Sep / 2019
-19452.00
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Australia
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
7855.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Australia
FDI
Sep / 2019
6157.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Azerbaijan
Business credit
Oct / 2019
5.95
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Azerbaijan
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
9.07
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Azerbaijan
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
4.48
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Azerbaijan
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Oct / 2019
159.12
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Azerbaijan
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
9.67
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Azerbaijan
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
6.14
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Azerbaijan
Household credit
Oct / 2019
6.43
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Azerbaijan
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
16.34
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Azerbaijan
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1.95
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Azerbaijan
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
12.38
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Colombia
Business credit
Oct / 2019
247938.97
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Colombia
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
152049.89
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Colombia
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
-3916.82
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Colombia
Employment
Oct / 2019
22.81
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Colombia
Exports
Sep / 2019
12850.27
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Colombia
FDI
Sep / 2019
3330.18
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Colombia
Household credit
Oct / 2019
218091.66
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Colombia
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
66041.77
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Colombia
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
479033.62
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Colombia
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
9.84
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Cyprus
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.47
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Cyprus
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.12
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Cyprus
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.82
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Georgia
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
137.42
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Greece
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.91
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Greece
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.39
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Greece
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
2.98
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Iceland
Deposit interest rate
Nov / 2019
0.02
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Iran
Employment
Mar / 2019
23.31
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Iran
Unemployment rate
Mar / 2019
12.10
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Ireland
Unemployment rate
Nov / 2019
4.80
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Israel
Employment
Oct / 2019
3.93
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Israel
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
3.40
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Japan
Business credit
Oct / 2019
373184.90
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Japan
Household credit
Oct / 2019
165187.20
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Japan
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
538372.10
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Jordan
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
4.98
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Kazakhstan
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
786.67
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Latvia
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
2.81
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Latvia
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.22
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Latvia
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
4.98
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Liechtenstein
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
101.70
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Luxembourg
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
105.93
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Pakistan
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
263.59
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Paraguay
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
105.50
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Paraguay
Minimum wage
Nov / 2019
2192839.00
Minimum wage is the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work performed during a given period, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contract. 
Paraguay
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
48399.32
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Paraguay
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
88113.85
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Peru
Industrial production
Sep / 2019
-0.99
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
Romania
Budget balance
Oct / 2019
-1855.44
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Romania
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
5.90
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Romania
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.86
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Romania
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
38.23
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Romania
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
5.82
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Serbia
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
2.20
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Serbia
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
4.80
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Serbia
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
231.80
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Serbia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
1400.19
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Serbia
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
952.88
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Serbia
Investment
Sep / 2019
317.78
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Solomon Islands
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
4.84
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
South Korea
Building permits
Oct / 2019
6033
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
South Korea
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
407.46
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
South Korea
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
80635.20
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
South Korea
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
486374.20
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
South Korea
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
233115.00
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
South Korea
Investment
Sep / 2019
141078.20
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
South Korea
Minimum wage
Dec / 2019
1402800.00
Minimum wage is the minimum amount of remuneration that an employer is required to pay wage earners for the work performed during a given period, which cannot be reduced by collective agreement or an individual contract. 
Sweden
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
543.42
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Switzerland
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
101.66
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Switzerland
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
-0.23
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Switzerland
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.32
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Thailand
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
102.61
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Thailand
Government debt
Oct / 2019
6880066.14
General government gross debt, also known as public debt, is the nominal (face) value of total gross debt outstanding at the end of the period and consolidated between and within the government subsectors. Only core debt instruments are included, defined here as comprising (i) currency and deposits; (ii) loans; and (iii) debt securities.
Turkey
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
437.25
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Turkey
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.43
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Turkey
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
0.95
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Turkey
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
161.87
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Turkey
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
1145.10
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Turkey
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
654.97
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Turkey
Investment
Sep / 2019
278.48
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Ukraine
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
20.33
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Ukraine
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
15.49
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Ukraine
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
17.48
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
United Arab Emirates
Business credit
Oct / 2019
804.22
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
United Arab Emirates
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
370.73
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
United Arab Emirates
Household credit
Oct / 2019
333.40
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
United Arab Emirates
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
1372.70
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
United Arab Emirates
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
1137.62
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Venezuela
Foreign exchange reserves
Nov / 2019
7.57
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Data added on: 03 December 2019 - Tuesday
Last month
with data
Latest
value
Argentina
Employment
Sep / 2019
12.11
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Australia
Building permits
Oct / 2019
13606
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Australia
Business credit
Oct / 2019
892.34
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Australia
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
124.53
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Australia
Household credit
Oct / 2019
1814.96
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Australia
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
2149.82
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Australia
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1690.43
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Australia
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
2707.30
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Austria
Unemployment rate
Nov / 2019
7.30
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Bahamas
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
0.83
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Bahamas
Exports
Jun / 2019
1419.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Bahamas
Foreign exchange reserves
Sep / 2019
1.56
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Bahamas
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
6.49
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Bahamas
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
5.85
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Bangladesh
Business credit
Sep / 2019
8537.34
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Bangladesh
Household credit
Sep / 2019
2032.74
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Bangladesh
Private sector credit
Sep / 2019
10570.08
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Botswana
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
2.11
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Botswana
Foreign exchange reserves
Aug / 2019
73.42
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Brazil
Employment
Oct / 2019
94.06
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Brazil
Government debt
Oct / 2019
5549355.51
General government gross debt, also known as public debt, is the nominal (face) value of total gross debt outstanding at the end of the period and consolidated between and within the government subsectors. Only core debt instruments are included, defined here as comprising (i) currency and deposits; (ii) loans; and (iii) debt securities.
Brazil
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
11.60
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Canada
Retail sales
Sep / 2019
107.60
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
Cyprus
Budget balance
Oct / 2019
52.50
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Cyprus
Government debt
Oct / 2019
21670.60
General government gross debt, also known as public debt, is the nominal (face) value of total gross debt outstanding at the end of the period and consolidated between and within the government subsectors. Only core debt instruments are included, defined here as comprising (i) currency and deposits; (ii) loans; and (iii) debt securities.
Finland
Business credit
Oct / 2019
90.56
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Finland
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.34
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Finland
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
34.07
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Finland
Consumer credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.05
The consumer credit interest rate is the average interest rate on consumer loan products provided by commercial banks. These are loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate.
Finland
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.10
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Finland
Household credit
Oct / 2019
134.02
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Finland
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
160.25
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Finland
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
99.95
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Finland
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.91
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Finland
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
224.58
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
France
Employment
Sep / 2019
26.74
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Hong Kong
Retail sales
Oct / 2019
73.00
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
Iceland
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
63037.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Iceland
Exports
Sep / 2019
373978.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Iceland
FDI
Sep / 2019
8408.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
India
Budget balance
Oct / 2019
-688910.00
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Indonesia
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
138.60
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Japan
Building permits
Oct / 2019
77123
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Lebanon
Current account balance
Mar / 2019
-1458.64
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Lebanon
Exports
Mar / 2019
1545.46
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Lebanon
FDI
Mar / 2019
263.25
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Malaysia
Budget balance
Sep / 2019
-9588.64
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Mongolia
Current account balance
Oct / 2019
-202.21
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Mongolia
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.35
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Mongolia
Exports
Oct / 2019
607.29
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Mongolia
FDI
Oct / 2019
225.24
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Mongolia
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
4.03
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Poland
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.89
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Poland
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.53
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Poland
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.69
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Singapore
Budget balance
Oct / 2019
62.90
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Slovakia
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
2.34
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Slovakia
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.32
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Slovakia
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.30
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Slovenia
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
105.52
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Slovenia
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.80
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Slovenia
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
2.30
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Slovenia
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
2.18
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Slovenia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
12.39
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Slovenia
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
7.02
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Slovenia
Investment
Sep / 2019
2.32
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
South Korea
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
104.87
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Spain
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.65
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Spain
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
741.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Spain
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.03
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Spain
Exports
Sep / 2019
36963.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Spain
FDI
Sep / 2019
3919.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Spain
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
1231.27
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Spain
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.22
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Sweden
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.28
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Sweden
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
1.56
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Sweden
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
319.71
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Sweden
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
1199.48
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Sweden
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
552.80
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Sweden
Investment
Sep / 2019
290.13
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Switzerland
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
835.24
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Taiwan
Building permits
Oct / 2019
13946
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Taiwan
Business credit
Oct / 2019
11791.47
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Taiwan
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
5805.98
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Taiwan
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
14521.88
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Taiwan
Household credit
Oct / 2019
13189.54
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Taiwan
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
45554.60
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Taiwan
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
7383.56
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Taiwan
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
24981.01
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Tanzania
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
8.63
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Thailand
Business confidence survey
Nov / 2019
-2.60
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Turkey
Business credit
Oct / 2019
1459.57
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Turkey
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
353.82
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Turkey
Household credit
Oct / 2019
533.37
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Turkey
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
179.54
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Turkey
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
1992.94
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Ukraine
Current account balance
Oct / 2019
-651.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Ukraine
Exports
Oct / 2019
5602.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Ukraine
FDI
Oct / 2019
334.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
United Kingdom
Business credit
Oct / 2019
445.33
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
United Kingdom
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.07
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
United Kingdom
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
161.41
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
United Kingdom
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
1.07
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
United Kingdom
Household credit
Oct / 2019
1443.62
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
United Kingdom
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
2445.12
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
United Kingdom
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1282.21
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
United Kingdom
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
2.01
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
United Kingdom
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
1888.95
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Vietnam
Retail sales Y-on-Y
Nov / 2019
9.30
The retail sales Y-on-Y is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. Retail sales Y-on-Y is calculated as the percent change in the Retail sales index from the same month the previous year. The Retail sales Y-on-Y measures only volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
Data added on: 02 December 2019 - Monday
Last month
with data
Latest
value
Austria
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.20
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Austria
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
1.50
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Austria
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
99.48
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Belarus
Budget balance
Jun / 2019
1383.75
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Belgium
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.40
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Belgium
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
1.60
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Belgium
Employment
Sep / 2019
4.98
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Belgium
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
25.87
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Belgium
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
114.63
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Belgium
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
60.07
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Belgium
Investment
Sep / 2019
27.56
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Belgium
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
567.50
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Belize
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Sep / 2019
105.26
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Botswana
Business credit
Sep / 2019
22.46
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Botswana
Consumer credit
Sep / 2019
28.65
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Botswana
Household credit
Sep / 2019
38.49
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Botswana
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
85.01
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Botswana
Mortgage credit
Sep / 2019
9.84
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Botswana
Private sector credit
Sep / 2019
60.94
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Brazil
Budget balance
Oct / 2019
-20631.84
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Canada
Business credit
Oct / 2019
2246.26
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Canada
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
639.99
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Canada
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
-9855.00
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Canada
Exports
Sep / 2019
185423.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Canada
FDI
Sep / 2019
16084.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Canada
Household credit
Oct / 2019
2250.37
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Canada
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
1780.40
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Canada
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1610.38
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Canada
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
4496.64
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Cape Verde
Foreign exchange reserves
Sep / 2019
69.52
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Chile
Industrial production
Oct / 2019
-3.42
The indicator shows the percent change in the index of industrial production from the same month last year. Industrial production includes mining and quarrying, manufacturing, and electricity production.
Comoros
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
0.19
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Croatia
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.75
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Croatia
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
2.67
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Croatia
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
19.54
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Croatia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
112.90
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Croatia
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
57.15
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Croatia
Investment
Sep / 2019
21.16
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Czech Republic
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.36
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Czech Republic
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
3.37
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Czech Republic
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
282.74
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Czech Republic
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
1447.71
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Czech Republic
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
682.19
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Czech Republic
Investment
Sep / 2019
367.93
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Denmark
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.33
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Denmark
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
2.14
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Denmark
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
138.73
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Denmark
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
576.48
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Denmark
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
260.91
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Denmark
Investment
Sep / 2019
117.06
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Denmark
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
3.50
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Estonia
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
1.00
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Estonia
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
4.20
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Estonia
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
1.29
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Estonia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
7.02
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Estonia
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
3.40
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Estonia
Investment
Sep / 2019
1.79
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Finland
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.70
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Finland
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
2.20
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Finland
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
13.35
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Finland
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
60.42
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Finland
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
31.85
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Finland
Investment
Sep / 2019
15.76
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Gambia
Foreign exchange reserves
Jul / 2019
8.53
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Germany
Business credit
Oct / 2019
954.30
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Germany
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
454.40
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Germany
Employment
Oct / 2019
45.57
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Germany
Household credit
Oct / 2019
1735.70
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Germany
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
3147.77
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Germany
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1281.30
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Germany
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
2690.00
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Germany
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
3.00
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Hungary
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
1.10
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Hungary
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
5.00
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Hungary
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
12058.42
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Hungary
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
6675.28
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Hungary
Investment
Sep / 2019
3937.33
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Iceland
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
-0.70
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Iceland
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
-0.10
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Iceland
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
176.15
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Iceland
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
778.09
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Iceland
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
368.42
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Iceland
Investment
Sep / 2019
168.97
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Ireland
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
242.04
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Italy
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Nov / 2019
102.80
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Italy
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.06
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Italy
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
0.32
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Italy
Employment
Oct / 2019
23.48
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Italy
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
77.92
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Italy
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
441.75
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Italy
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
274.24
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Italy
Investment
Sep / 2019
76.61
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Italy
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
9.99
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Latvia
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.70
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Latvia
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
2.90
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Latvia
Employment
Oct / 2019
0.92
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Latvia
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
1.28
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Latvia
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
8.06
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Latvia
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
4.86
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Latvia
Investment
Sep / 2019
1.98
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Latvia
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
6.00
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Libya
Foreign exchange reserves
Sep / 2019
80.44
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Lithuania
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
0.20
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Lithuania
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
3.70
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Lithuania
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
1.89
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Lithuania
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
12.86
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Lithuania
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
7.57
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Lithuania
Investment
Sep / 2019
2.83
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Macedonia
Business credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
4.45
The business credit interest rate is the average interest rate on the loan products offered by commercial banks to non-financial corporations. The business credit is a credit specifically intended for business purposes including secured and unsecured business loans to small or large business with variable or fixed interest rate.
Macedonia
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
83.92
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Macedonia
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
0.70
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Macedonia
Exports
Sep / 2019
639.31
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Macedonia
FDI
Sep / 2019
5.67
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Macedonia
Mortgage credit interest rate
Oct / 2019
3.85
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Macedonia
Retail sales
Oct / 2019
132.50
The retail sales index is an aggregated measure of the sales of retail goods over a stated period. Because retail sales are a measure of consumer demand for finished goods, they are a leading macroeconomic indicator of the pulse of an economy and its projected path toward expansion or contraction. The retail sales index measures only the volume changes, i.e. price level changes are excluded.
Morocco
Business credit
Oct / 2019
360.13
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Morocco
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
69.39
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Morocco
Economic growth, quarterly
Jun / 2019
2.50
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Morocco
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Jun / 2019
284.31
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Morocco
Household credit
Oct / 2019
344.72
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Morocco
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
1043.06
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Morocco
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
275.33
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Morocco
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
704.85
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Nigeria
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
39.61
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Poland
Economic growth Q-on-Q
Sep / 2019
1.30
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the previous quarter using constant prices. Data are seasonally adjusted.
Poland
Economic growth, quarterly
Sep / 2019
3.90
The percent change in the Gross Domestic Product from the same quarter last year using constant prices.
Poland
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
97.71
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Poland
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
561.04
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Poland
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
328.14
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Poland
Investment
Sep / 2019
99.46
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Portugal
Government expenditure
Sep / 2019
8.86
Total spending by all levels of government but excluding public enterprises.
Portugal
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Sep / 2019
53.00
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the sum of the gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. The data are in billion local currency units using current prices.
Portugal
Household consumption
Sep / 2019
34.29
The market value of all goods and services, including durable products, purchased by households.
Portugal
Investment
Sep / 2019
9.75
Gross fixed capital formation including land improvements; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.
Romania
Building permits
Oct / 2019
3736
Building permits are authorizations granted by a government or another regulatory body before the construction of a new building can legally occur.
Romania
Unemployment rate
Oct / 2019
4.00
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Russia
Budget balance
Sep / 2019
41049.21
Revenue minus expenditure of the consolidated government.
Russia
Business credit
Oct / 2019
39671.42
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Russia
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
11428.70
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Russia
Household credit
Oct / 2019
18689.09
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Russia
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
48083.00
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Russia
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
7295.03
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Russia
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
58360.51
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Serbia
Employment
Sep / 2019
2.94
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Serbia
Unemployment rate
Sep / 2019
9.50
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
Seychelles
Business credit
Oct / 2019
6.33
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Seychelles
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
0.49
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Seychelles
Deposit interest rate
Oct / 2019
4.44
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Seychelles
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
7.61
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Seychelles
Household credit
Oct / 2019
1.67
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Seychelles
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
10.97
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Seychelles
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
1.17
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Seychelles
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
7.99
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovakia
Business credit
Oct / 2019
19.42
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovakia
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
8.47
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Slovakia
Household credit
Oct / 2019
38.96
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovakia
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
68.52
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Slovakia
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
30.50
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Slovakia
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
58.38
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovenia
Business credit
Oct / 2019
9.54
Business credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovenia
Consumer credit
Oct / 2019
4.42
Loans provided by commercial banks to households and individuals for the purchase of goods and services, excluding real estate. In billion local currency units.
Slovenia
Household credit
Oct / 2019
10.95
Household credit includes credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Slovenia
Mortgage credit
Oct / 2019
6.53
Loans provided by commercial banks for the purchase of non-commercial real estate. In billion local currency units.
Slovenia
Private sector credit
Oct / 2019
20.49
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Suriname
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
-101.60
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Suriname
Exports
Sep / 2019
596.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Suriname
FDI
Sep / 2019
13.40
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Tunisia
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
0.00
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Tunisia
Employment
Jun / 2019
3.53
The number of people, in millions, engaged in the economy as paid employees or as self-employed.
Tunisia
Unemployment rate
Sep / 2019
15.10
The unemployment rate represents the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
USA
Foreign exchange reserves
Oct / 2019
128.81
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Data added on: 01 December 2019 - Sunday
Last month
with data
Latest
value
Botswana
Current account balance
Jun / 2019
846.12
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Botswana
Exports
Jun / 2019
20084.81
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Botswana
FDI
Jun / 2019
584.47
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Botswana
Government debt
Jun / 2019
26852.98
General government gross debt, also known as public debt, is the nominal (face) value of total gross debt outstanding at the end of the period and consolidated between and within the government subsectors. Only core debt instruments are included, defined here as comprising (i) currency and deposits; (ii) loans; and (iii) debt securities.
Burkina Faso
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Oct / 2019
102.02
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Cameroon
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
5236.60
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Cameroon
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
3101.45
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Cape Verde
Business confidence survey
Sep / 2019
12.00
The business survey indicator provides information on the amount of optimism or pessimism that business managers feel about the prospects of their companies, based upon opinion surveys on developments in production, orders and stocks of finished goods and the general economic situation of the company. It can be used to monitor output growth and to anticipate turning points in economic activity.
Cape Verde
Consumer confidence survey
Sep / 2019
16.00
The consumer survey contains standardized questions about the financial situation of households, general economic situation, inflation, unemployment, saving, intentions of making major purchases on durable goods or purchasing or building a home or buying a car. The survey gives an opportunity to analyze the tendencies in the development of public opinions on significant economic phenomena in the country.
Central African Republic
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
350.32
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Central African Republic
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
139.01
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Chad
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
1030.52
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Chad
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
603.99
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Egypt
Exports
Aug / 2019
1973.00
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Equatorial Guinea
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
1175.17
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Equatorial Guinea
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
910.12
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Gabon
Money supply (broad money)
Aug / 2019
2435.56
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Gabon
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
1158.76
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Liberia
Deposit interest rate
Jul / 2019
3.53
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
Liberia
Money supply (broad money)
Jul / 2019
34.90
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Liberia
Mortgage credit interest rate
Jul / 2019
12.44
The mortgage credit interest rate is the average interest rate on mortgage loan products offered to individuals and households by the commercial banks in the country. The mortgage credit is a loan used to finance the purchase of real estate.
Madagascar
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Sep / 2019
125.44
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Mauritania
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Oct / 2019
112.00
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Morocco
Current account balance
Jun / 2019
-21012.70
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Morocco
Exports
Jun / 2019
104251.50
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Morocco
FDI
Jun / 2019
4403.00
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Republic of the Congo
Money supply (broad money)
Sep / 2019
11598.02
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Republic of the Congo
Private sector credit
Aug / 2019
967.98
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
Sao Tome and Principe
Deposit interest rate
Sep / 2019
3.43
The deposit interest rate is the average interest rate on one year term deposits offered by the commercial banks to the household sector.
South Africa
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Oct / 2019
113.40
The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the changes in the cost of a basket of goods and services consumed by the average urban household.
Sudan
Money supply (broad money)
Oct / 2019
631.41
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Zambia
Current account balance
Sep / 2019
-92.36
The current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net primary income, and net secondary income.
Zambia
Exports
Sep / 2019
1979.23
Exports comprises all transactions of goods and services (sales, barter, or gifts or grants) from residents of a country to non-residents.
Zambia
FDI
Sep / 2019
152.37
Foreign direct investment refers to direct investment equity flows in the reporting economy. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, and other capital. Direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. Ownership of 10 percent or more of the ordinary shares of voting stock is the criterion for determining the existence of a direct investment relationship.
Zambia
Foreign exchange reserves
Sep / 2019
1.46
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.
Zambia
Money supply (broad money)
Sep / 2019
39207.18
The money supply is the total amount of currency and other liquid instruments circulating in the economy. The indicator represents the broad money that include currency outside banks; demand, time, saving, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler's checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.
Zambia
Private sector credit
Sep / 2019
35.43
Private sector credit refers to the credit extended by commercial banks and other deposit-taking institutions (excluding central banks) to private non-financial firms and households. Included are all credit institutions: domestic and foreign owned as well as private and public ones.
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