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Research and development expenditure - Country rankings:

The average for 2015 was 1.09 percent.The highest value was in Israel: 4.27 percent and the lowest value was in Iraq: 0.04 percent. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available for: Research and development expenditure.

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP, 2015
(percent, Source: The United Nations);

Definition: Gloss domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.

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