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Research and development expenditure - Country rankings:

The average for 2015 was 1.09 percent.The highest value was in Israel: 4.27 percent and the lowest value was in Iraq: 0.04 percent. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available for: Research and development expenditure.

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP, 2015
(percent, Source: The United Nations, TheGlobalEconomy.com)



Definition: Gloss domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.
Research and development expenditure in the European union
Research and development expenditure in Europe
Research and development expenditure in Asia
Research and development expenditure in Africa
Research and development expenditure in North America
Research and development expenditure in South America
Research and development expenditure in Australia
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