Germany: Research and development expenditure

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP

 Latest value 3.14
 Reference 2020
 Measure percent
 Source The United Nations

For that indicator, we provide data for Germany from 1996 to 2020. The average value for Germany during that period was 2.65 percent with a minimum of 2.14 percent in 1996 and a maximum of 3.17 percent in 2019. The latest value from 2020 is 3.14 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 67 countries is 1.30 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

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The expenditure for R&D on the charts includes both private and public spending on research and development.

Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.
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