Germany: Research and development expenditure

(measure: percent; Source: The United Nations)
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Germany: Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP

: For that indicator, The United Nations provides data for Germany from 1996 to 2017. The average value for Germany during that period was 2.57 percent with a minimum of 2.14 percent in 1996 and a maximum of 3.04 percent in 2017. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
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The expenditure for R&D on the charts includes both private and public spending on research and development.

Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.
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