* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP in Asia:

The average for 2018 based on 20 countries was 1.02 percent.The highest value was in Israel: 4.95 percent and the lowest value was in Iraq: 0.04 percent. The indicator is available from 1996 to 2018. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The United Nations
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series



Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.
Research and development expenditure around the world
Research and development expenditure in the European union
Research and development expenditure in Europe
Research and development expenditure in Africa
Research and development expenditure in North America
Research and development expenditure in South America
Research and development expenditure in Australia


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