Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP in Europe:
The average for 2018 based on 38 countries was 1.42 percent.The highest value was in Sweden: 3.34 percent and the lowest value was in Bosnia and Herzegovina: 0.2 percent. The indicator is available from 1996 to 2018. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Measure: percent; Source: The United Nations
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series