Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP
The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Bulgaria from 1996 to 2020. The average value for Bulgaria during that period was 0.58 percent with a minimum of 0.42 percent in 1996 and a maximum of 0.95 percent in 2015.
The latest value from 2020 is 0.85 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2020 based on 67
countries is 1.30 percent.
See the global rankings for that indicator or
use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
The expenditure for R&D on the charts includes both private and public spending on research and development.
Definition: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.