Research and development expenditure, percent of GDP in the European union:
The average for 2018 based on 26 countries was 1.57 percent.The highest value was in Austria: 3.17 percent and the lowest value was in Romania: 0.51 percent. The indicator is available from 1996 to 2018. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Measure: percent; Source: The United Nations
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series