* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 42 countries was 88 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in Switzerland: 923.63 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in San Marino: 0.72 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
Switzerland 923.63 1 1960 - 2022
Russia 581.71 2 1993 - 2022
Germany 293.91 3 1960 - 2022
France 242.42 4 1960 - 2022
Italy 224.58 5 1960 - 2022
UK 176.41 6 1960 - 2022
Poland 166.66 7 1979 - 2022
Czechia 139.98 8 1993 - 2022
Turkey 123.74 9 1960 - 2022
Denmark 96.07 10 1960 - 2022
Spain 92.91 11 1960 - 2022
Norway 72.08 12 1960 - 2022
Sweden 64.29 13 1960 - 2022
Netherlands 63.35 14 1960 - 2022
Romania 55.81 15 1973 - 2022
Belgium 41.27 16 1960 - 2022
Hungary 41.22 17 1983 - 2022
Bulgaria 40.99 18 1991 - 2022
Austria 33.08 19 1960 - 2022
Portugal 32.23 20 1960 - 2022
Croatia 29.73 21 1992 - 2022
Ukraine 28.51 22 1992 - 2022
Serbia 20.68 23 2006 - 2022
Finland 16.04 24 1960 - 2022
Ireland 13.04 25 1960 - 2022
Greece 12.06 26 1960 - 2022
Slovakia 10.28 27 1993 - 2022
Bosnia & Herz. 8.76 28 1997 - 2022
Belarus 7.92 29 1994 - 2022
Iceland 5.89 30 1960 - 2022
Lithuania 5.37 31 1992 - 2022
Albania 5.27 32 1993 - 2022
Moldova 4.47 33 1992 - 2022
Latvia 4.46 34 1993 - 2022
North Macedonia 4.12 35 1993 - 2022
Luxembourg 2.87 36 1984 - 2022
Slovenia 2.27 37 1991 - 2022
Estonia 2.22 38 1992 - 2022
Montenegro 2.04 39 2007 - 2022
Cyprus 1.72 40 1960 - 2022
Malta 1.2 41 1960 - 2022
San Marino 0.72 42 1993 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
923.63
581.71
293.91
242.42
224.58
176.41
166.66
139.98
123.74
96.07
92.91
72.08
64.29
63.35
55.81
41.27
41.22
40.99
33.08
32.23
29.73
28.51
20.68
16.04
13.04
12.06
10.28
8.76
7.92
5.89
5.37
5.27
4.47
4.46
4.12
2.87
2.27
2.22
2.04
1.72
1.20
0.72
0
230.9
461.8
692.7
923.63
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