* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 27 countries was 64.08 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in Germany: 293.91 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Malta: 1.2 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
Germany 293.91 1 1960 - 2022
France 242.42 2 1960 - 2022
Italy 224.58 3 1960 - 2022
Poland 166.66 4 1979 - 2022
Czechia 139.98 5 1993 - 2022
Denmark 96.07 6 1960 - 2022
Spain 92.91 7 1960 - 2022
Sweden 64.29 8 1960 - 2022
Netherlands 63.35 9 1960 - 2022
Romania 55.81 10 1973 - 2022
Belgium 41.27 11 1960 - 2022
Hungary 41.22 12 1983 - 2022
Bulgaria 40.99 13 1991 - 2022
Austria 33.08 14 1960 - 2022
Portugal 32.23 15 1960 - 2022
Croatia 29.73 16 1992 - 2022
Finland 16.04 17 1960 - 2022
Ireland 13.04 18 1960 - 2022
Greece 12.06 19 1960 - 2022
Slovakia 10.28 20 1993 - 2022
Lithuania 5.37 21 1992 - 2022
Latvia 4.46 22 1993 - 2022
Luxembourg 2.87 23 1984 - 2022
Slovenia 2.27 24 1991 - 2022
Estonia 2.22 25 1992 - 2022
Cyprus 1.72 26 1960 - 2022
Malta 1.2 27 1960 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
293.91
242.42
224.58
166.66
139.98
96.07
92.91
64.29
63.35
55.81
41.27
41.22
40.99
33.08
32.23
29.73
16.04
13.04
12.06
10.28
5.37
4.46
2.87
2.27
2.22
1.72
1.20
0
73.5
147
220.4
293.91
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