Russia: Reserves

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Russia

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD

 Latest value 581.71
 Year 2022
 Measure billion U.S. dollars
 Data availability 1993 - 2022
 Average 288.78
 Min - Max 7.21 - 632.24
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Russia from 1993 to 2022. The average value for Russia during that period was 288.78 billion U.S. dollars with a minimum of 7.21 billion U.S. dollars in 1994 and a maximum of 632.24 billion U.S. dollars in 2021. The latest value from 2022 is 581.71 billion U.S. dollars. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 146 countries is 95.37 billion U.S. dollars. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Russia - Reserves - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Russia - Reserves - historical chart - 1993-2022




The reserves of Russia and other countries include their holdings of foreign currencies and gold. These are the reserves of the central bank and the treasury of the country, not the private sector.

When countries export products or attract investment from other countries, they receive foreign currencies. They use some of these currencies to buy imports and to invest in other countries. The rest is held in reserves and some of the reserves may be converted to gold.
Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 115.25 2021 percent
 Trade openness 43.77 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 28.19 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 631.55 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports -13.89 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 15.59 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 349.17 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP -1.78 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars -40.04 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -18,591.26 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 10.48 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars 237.88 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 12.60 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 293.31 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 581.71 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.15 2022 percent
 Remittances 3,300.49 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -3,695.08 2022 million USD
 External debt 17.15 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 17.43 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 11.27 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 569.02 9/2023 billion
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