Russia: Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Russia

Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP

 Latest value -1.78
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1992 - 2022
 Average 1.65
 Min - Max -1.78 - 4.50
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Russia from 1992 to 2022. The average value for Russia during that period was 1.65 percent with a minimum of -1.78 percent in 2022 and a maximum of 4.5 percent in 2008. The latest value from 2022 is -1.78 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 176 countries is 1.68 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Russia - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Russia - Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1992-2022




Foreign direct investment in Russia and other countries reflects the foreign ownership of production facilities. To be classified as foreign direct investment, the share of the foreign ownership has to be equal to at least 10 percent of the value of the company. The investment could be in manufacturing, services, agriculture, or other sectors. It could have originated as green field investment (building something new), as acquisition (buying an existing company) or joint venture (partnership).

FDI is reported on an annual basis, i.e. how much new investment was received in the country during the current year. It typically runs at about 2-3 percent of the size of the economy measured by its gross domestic product. If a country routinely receives FDI that exceeds 5-6% of GDP each year, then this is a significant success.
Definition: Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. This series shows net inflows (new investment inflows less disinvestment) in the reporting economy from foreign investors, and is divided by GDP.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 115.25 2021 percent
 Trade openness 43.75 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 28.19 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 466.60 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports -13.89 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 15.59 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 378.93 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP -1.78 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars -39.80 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -2,427.19 2023 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 10.48 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars 50.22 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 12.60 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 86.82 2023 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 581.71 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.15 2022 percent
 Remittances 3,300.49 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -5,506.04 2023 million USD
 External debt 17.15 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 17.43 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 11.27 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 569.02 9/2023 billion
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