* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 146 countries was 95.37 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in China: 3306.84 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Sao Tome and Principe: 0.05 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
China 3306.84 1 1977 - 2022
Japan 1227.57 2 1960 - 2022
Switzerland 923.63 3 1960 - 2022
USA 706.64 4 1960 - 2022
Russia 581.71 5 1993 - 2022
India 567.3 6 1960 - 2022
Saudi Arabia 478.23 7 1960 - 2022
Hong Kong 424.03 8 1990 - 2022
South Korea 423.37 9 1960 - 2022
Brazil 324.67 10 1960 - 2022
Singapore 296.63 11 1960 - 2022
Germany 293.91 12 1960 - 2022
France 242.42 13 1960 - 2022
Italy 224.58 14 1960 - 2022
Thailand 216.5 15 1960 - 2022
Mexico 201.12 16 1960 - 2022
Israel 194.23 17 1960 - 2022
UK 176.41 18 1960 - 2022
Poland 166.66 19 1979 - 2022
Czechia 139.98 20 1993 - 2022
UA Emirates 138.43 21 1973 - 2022
Indonesia 137.22 22 1960 - 2022
Turkey 123.74 23 1960 - 2022
Malaysia 114.66 24 1960 - 2022
Canada 106.95 25 1960 - 2022
Iraq 97.01 26 1960 - 2022
Denmark 96.07 27 1960 - 2022
Philippines 96.04 28 1960 - 2022
Spain 92.91 29 1960 - 2022
Libya 86.68 30 1960 - 2022
Vietnam 86.54 31 1995 - 2022
Norway 72.08 32 1960 - 2022
Algeria 71.85 33 1960 - 2022
Sweden 64.29 34 1960 - 2022
Netherlands 63.35 35 1960 - 2022
South Africa 60.55 36 1960 - 2022
Australia 56.7 37 1960 - 2022
Colombia 56.7 38 1960 - 2022
Romania 55.81 39 1973 - 2022
Kuwait 52.46 40 1960 - 2022
Qatar 47.39 41 1966 - 2022
Argentina 44.8 42 1960 - 2022
Belgium 41.27 43 1960 - 2022
Hungary 41.22 44 1983 - 2022
Bulgaria 40.99 45 1991 - 2022
Chile 39.1 46 1960 - 2022
Uzbekistan 35.77 47 1999 - 2022
Nigeria 35.56 48 1960 - 2022
Kazakhstan 35.08 49 1993 - 2022
Bangladesh 33.75 50 1972 - 2022
Austria 33.08 51 1960 - 2022
Lebanon 32.51 52 1960 - 2022
Morocco 32.31 53 1960 - 2022
Portugal 32.23 54 1960 - 2022
Egypt 32.14 55 1960 - 2022
Croatia 29.73 56 1992 - 2022
Ukraine 28.51 57 1992 - 2022
Macao 25.97 58 1984 - 2022
Serbia 20.68 59 2006 - 2022
Guatemala 20.41 60 1960 - 2022
Cambodia 17.8 61 1993 - 2022
Oman 17.61 62 1970 - 2022
Finland 16.04 63 1960 - 2022
Uruguay 15.13 64 1960 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 14.52 65 1960 - 2022
New Zealand 14.4 66 1960 - 2022
Angola 13.65 67 1995 - 2022
Ireland 13.04 68 1960 - 2022
Greece 12.06 69 1960 - 2022
Azerbaijan 11.29 70 1993 - 2022
Slovakia 10.28 71 1993 - 2022
Pakistan 9.93 72 1960 - 2022
Paraguay 9.52 73 1960 - 2022
Nepal 9.32 74 1960 - 2022
Bosnia & Herz. 8.76 75 1997 - 2022
Costa Rica 8.55 76 1960 - 2022
Ecuador 8.46 77 1960 - 2022
Honduras 8.41 78 1960 - 2022
Tunisia 8.09 79 1960 - 2022
Kenya 7.97 80 1965 - 2022
Belarus 7.92 81 1994 - 2022
Mauritius 7.79 82 1960 - 2022
Panama 6.88 83 1960 - 2022
Tr.&Tobago 6.83 84 1960 - 2022
Iceland 5.89 85 1960 - 2022
Lithuania 5.37 86 1992 - 2022
Albania 5.27 87 1993 - 2022
Brunei 5.03 88 1999 - 2022
Georgia 4.89 89 1995 - 2022
Bahrain 4.77 90 1965 - 2022
Jamaica 4.52 91 1960 - 2022
Moldova 4.47 92 1992 - 2022
Latvia 4.46 93 1993 - 2022
Nicaragua 4.4 94 1960 - 2022
Botswana 4.28 95 1976 - 2022
North Macedonia 4.12 96 1993 - 2022
Armenia 4.11 97 1992 - 2022
Papua N.G. 3.98 98 1973 - 2022
Tajikistan 3.85 99 1997 - 2022
Bolivia 3.75 100 1960 - 2022
Mongolia 3.4 101 1992 - 2022
Zambia 2.97 102 1965 - 2022
Mozambique 2.94 103 1984 - 2022
Luxembourg 2.87 104 1984 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 2.8 105 1993 - 2022
Namibia 2.8 106 1992 - 2022
Bahamas 2.61 107 1968 - 2022
Haiti 2.37 108 1960 - 2022
Slovenia 2.27 109 1991 - 2022
Estonia 2.22 110 1992 - 2022
Madagascar 2.16 111 1962 - 2022
Montenegro 2.04 112 2007 - 2022
Rwanda 1.73 113 1964 - 2022
Cyprus 1.67 114 1960 - 2022
Fiji 1.56 115 1965 - 2022
Aruba 1.54 116 1986 - 2022
Barbados 1.52 117 1966 - 2022
Yemen 1.25 118 1990 - 2022
Laos 1.22 119 1988 - 2022
Malta 1.2 120 1960 - 2022
Suriname 1.19 121 1960 - 2022
Guyana 0.92 122 1960 - 2022
Palestine 0.9 123 2006 - 2022
Maldives 0.83 124 1976 - 2022
San Marino 0.72 125 1993 - 2022
Cape Verde 0.7 126 1976 - 2022
Solomon Isl. 0.66 127 1977 - 2022
Seychelles 0.64 128 1973 - 2022
Vanuatu 0.64 129 1981 - 2022
Sierra Leone 0.62 130 1960 - 2022
Liberia 0.6 131 1974 - 2022
Zimbabwe 0.6 132 1966 - 2022
Djibouti 0.59 133 1984 - 2022
Gambia 0.57 134 1964 - 2022
Belize 0.48 135 1976 - 2022
Swaziland 0.45 136 1974 - 2022
Ant.& Barb. 0.4 137 1975 - 2022
Saint Lucia 0.39 138 1975 - 2022
Tonga 0.38 139 1977 - 2022
Grenada 0.37 140 1970 - 2022
St. Vincent & ... 0.32 141 1976 - 2022
Samoa 0.32 142 1964 - 2022
Comoros 0.28 143 1980 - 2022
Dominica 0.2 144 1975 - 2022
Burundi 0.16 145 1964 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 0.05 146 1995 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Selected articles from our guide:

International lending and sovereign debt

Are trade deficits bad for the economy?

The unholy trinity of international finance

All articles

3306.84
1227.57
923.63
706.64
581.71
567.30
478.23
424.03
423.37
324.67
296.63
293.91
242.42
224.58
216.50
201.12
194.23
176.41
166.66
139.98
138.43
137.22
123.74
114.66
106.95
97.01
96.07
96.04
92.91
86.68
86.54
72.08
71.85
64.29
63.35
60.55
56.70
56.70
55.81
52.46
47.39
44.80
41.27
41.22
40.99
39.10
35.77
35.56
35.08
33.75
33.08
32.51
32.31
32.23
32.14
29.73
28.51
25.97
20.68
20.41
17.80
17.61
16.04
15.13
14.52
14.40
13.65
13.04
12.06
11.29
10.28
9.93
9.52
9.32
8.76
8.55
8.46
8.41
8.09
7.97
7.92
7.79
6.88
6.83
5.89
5.37
5.27
5.03
4.89
4.77
4.52
4.47
4.46
4.40
4.28
4.12
4.11
3.98
3.85
3.75
3.40
2.97
2.94
2.87
2.80
2.80
2.61
2.37
2.27
2.22
2.16
2.04
1.73
1.67
1.56
1.54
1.52
1.25
1.22
1.20
1.19
0.92
0.90
0.83
0.72
0.70
0.66
0.64
0.64
0.62
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.57
0.48
0.45
0.40
0.39
0.38
0.37
0.32
0.32
0.28
0.20
0.16
0.05
0
826.7
1653.4
2480.1
3306.84
This site uses cookies.
Learn more here


OK