* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Reserves - Country rankings:

The average for 2018 was 77.03 billion U.S. dollars.The highest value was in China: 3168.22 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Sao Tome and Principe: 0.04 billion U.S. dollars. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2018
(billion U.S. dollars, Source: The World Bank, TheGlobalEconomy.com)

Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
Reserves in the European union
Reserves in Europe
Reserves in Asia
Reserves in Africa
Reserves in North America
Reserves in South America
Reserves in Australia
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