* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2021 - Country rankings:

The average for 2021 based on 139 countries was 115.16 billion U.S. dollars.The highest value was in China: 3427.93 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Dominica: 0.19 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2021 Global rank Available data
China 3427.93 1 1977 - 2021
Japan 1405.75 2 1960 - 2021
Euro area 1196.16 3 1999 - 2021
Switzerland 1109.82 4 1960 - 2021
USA 716.15 5 1960 - 2021
India 638.48 6 1960 - 2021
Russia 632.24 7 1993 - 2021
Hong Kong 496.87 8 1990 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 473.89 9 1960 - 2021
South Korea 463.28 10 1960 - 2021
Singapore 425.1 11 1960 - 2021
Brazil 362.21 12 1960 - 2021
Germany 295.74 13 1960 - 2021
Thailand 246.03 14 1960 - 2021
France 244.28 15 1960 - 2021
Italy 227.48 16 1960 - 2021
Israel 212.93 17 1960 - 2021
Mexico 207.8 18 1960 - 2021
UK 194.18 19 1960 - 2021
Czechia 173.62 20 1993 - 2021
Poland 166.03 21 1979 - 2021
Indonesia 144.91 22 1960 - 2021
UA Emirates 131.12 23 1973 - 2021
Malaysia 116.92 24 1960 - 2021
Turkey 109.53 25 1960 - 2021
Vietnam 109.37 26 1995 - 2021
Philippines 108.75 27 1960 - 2021
Canada 106.62 28 1960 - 2021
Spain 92.2 29 1960 - 2021
Norway 84.27 30 1960 - 2021
Denmark 82.24 31 1960 - 2021
Netherlands 64.47 32 1960 - 2021
Iraq 64.23 33 1960 - 2021
Sweden 62.05 34 1960 - 2021
Colombia 58.02 35 1960 - 2021
Australia 57.88 36 1960 - 2021
South Africa 57.6 37 1960 - 2021
Algeria 56.21 38 1960 - 2021
Romania 51.89 39 1973 - 2021
Chile 51.25 40 1960 - 2021
Kuwait 49.53 41 1960 - 2021
Bangladesh 46.17 42 1972 - 2021
Hungary 43.48 43 1983 - 2021
Qatar 42.21 44 1966 - 2021
Belgium 41.87 45 1960 - 2021
Egypt 39.82 46 1960 - 2021
Argentina 39.65 47 1960 - 2021
Bulgaria 39.19 48 1991 - 2021
Morocco 35.65 49 1960 - 2021
Uzbekistan 35.38 50 1999 - 2021
Lebanon 35.24 51 1960 - 2021
Kazakhstan 34.38 52 1993 - 2021
Austria 33.96 53 1960 - 2021
Portugal 32.54 54 1960 - 2021
Ukraine 30.97 55 1992 - 2021
Croatia 28.31 56 1992 - 2021
Macao 26.66 57 1984 - 2021
Pakistan 22.81 58 1960 - 2021
Guatemala 20.93 59 1960 - 2021
Cambodia 20.27 60 1993 - 2021
Oman 19.73 61 1970 - 2021
Serbia 18.62 62 2006 - 2021
Uruguay 16.96 63 1960 - 2021
Finland 16.74 64 1960 - 2021
New Zealand 16.11 65 1960 - 2021
Angola 14.47 66 1995 - 2021
Greece 14.45 67 1960 - 2021
Ireland 13.25 68 1960 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 13.12 69 1960 - 2021
Ghana 9.81 70 1960 - 2021
Nepal 9.66 71 1960 - 2021
Paraguay 9.66 72 1960 - 2021
Slovakia 9.61 73 1993 - 2021
Kenya 9.49 74 1965 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 9.48 75 1997 - 2021
Tunisia 8.85 76 1960 - 2021
Mauritius 8.56 77 1960 - 2021
Belarus 8.42 78 1994 - 2021
Azerbaijan 8.31 79 1992 - 2021
Ecuador 7.91 80 1960 - 2021
Iceland 7.08 81 1960 - 2021
Costa Rica 6.92 82 1960 - 2021
Tr.&Tobago 6.88 83 1960 - 2021
Albania 5.63 84 1993 - 2021
Lithuania 5.58 85 1992 - 2021
Latvia 5.49 86 1993 - 2021
Bahrain 4.99 87 1965 - 2021
Botswana 4.8 88 1976 - 2021
Bolivia 4.73 89 1960 - 2021
Mongolia 4.38 90 1992 - 2021
Georgia 4.27 91 1995 - 2021
North Macedonia 4.13 92 1993 - 2021
Nicaragua 4.05 93 1960 - 2021
Moldova 3.9 94 1991 - 2021
Mozambique 3.78 95 1984 - 2021
DR Congo 3.47 96 1960 - 2021
El Salvador 3.43 97 1960 - 2021
Armenia 3.23 98 1992 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 2.98 99 1993 - 2021
Luxembourg 2.92 100 1984 - 2021
Haiti 2.76 101 1960 - 2021
Namibia 2.76 102 1992 - 2021
Zambia 2.75 103 1965 - 2021
Tajikistan 2.5 104 1997 - 2021
Bahamas 2.43 105 1968 - 2021
Estonia 2.37 106 1992 - 2021
Madagascar 2.33 107 1962 - 2021
Slovenia 2.27 108 1991 - 2021
Montenegro 1.98 109 2007 - 2021
Rwanda 1.89 110 1964 - 2021
Barbados 1.67 111 1966 - 2021
Cyprus 1.61 112 1960 - 2021
Fiji 1.52 113 1965 - 2021
Aruba 1.51 114 1986 - 2021
Laos 1.48 115 1988 - 2021
Malta 1.15 116 1960 - 2021
Suriname 0.99 117 1960 - 2021
San Marino 0.95 118 1993 - 2021
Sierra Leone 0.95 119 1960 - 2021
Palestine 0.87 120 2006 - 2021
Zimbabwe 0.84 121 1966 - 2021
Maldives 0.81 122 1976 - 2021
Guyana 0.79 123 1960 - 2021
Cape Verde 0.77 124 1976 - 2021
Seychelles 0.7 125 1973 - 2021
Vanuatu 0.66 126 1981 - 2021
Gambia 0.65 127 1964 - 2021
Djibouti 0.59 128 1984 - 2021
Swaziland 0.57 129 1974 - 2021
Belize 0.42 130 1976 - 2021
Saint Lucia 0.39 131 1975 - 2021
Tonga 0.36 132 1977 - 2021
Grenada 0.35 133 1970 - 2021
Comoros 0.33 134 1980 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 0.32 135 1975 - 2021
St. Vincent & ... 0.29 136 1976 - 2021
Samoa 0.29 137 1964 - 2021
Burundi 0.27 138 1964 - 2021
Dominica 0.19 139 1975 - 2021


Economic outlook

Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
3427.93
1405.75
1196.16
1109.82
716.15
638.48
632.24
496.87
473.89
463.28
425.10
362.21
295.74
246.03
244.28
227.48
212.93
207.80
194.18
173.62
166.03
144.91
131.12
116.92
109.53
109.37
108.75
106.62
92.20
84.27
82.24
64.47
64.23
62.05
58.02
57.88
57.60
56.21
51.89
51.25
49.53
46.17
43.48
42.21
41.87
39.82
39.65
39.19
35.65
35.38
35.24
34.38
33.96
32.54
30.97
28.31
26.66
22.81
20.93
20.27
19.73
18.62
16.96
16.74
16.11
14.47
14.45
13.25
13.12
9.81
9.66
9.66
9.61
9.49
9.48
8.85
8.56
8.42
8.31
7.91
7.08
6.92
6.88
5.63
5.58
5.49
4.99
4.80
4.73
4.38
4.27
4.13
4.05
3.90
3.78
3.47
3.43
3.23
2.98
2.92
2.76
2.76
2.75
2.50
2.43
2.37
2.33
2.27
1.98
1.89
1.67
1.61
1.52
1.51
1.48
1.15
0.99
0.95
0.95
0.87
0.84
0.81
0.79
0.77
0.70
0.66
0.65
0.59
0.57
0.42
0.39
0.36
0.35
0.33
0.32
0.29
0.29
0.27
0.19
0
857
1714
2570.9
3427.93
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