* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 10 countries was 153.89 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in India: 567.3 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Laos: 1.22 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
India 567.3 1 1960 - 2022
Singapore 296.63 2 1960 - 2022
Thailand 216.5 3 1960 - 2022
Indonesia 137.22 4 1960 - 2022
Malaysia 114.66 5 1960 - 2022
Philippines 96.04 6 1960 - 2022
Vietnam 86.54 7 1995 - 2022
Cambodia 17.8 8 1993 - 2022
Brunei 5.03 9 1999 - 2022
Laos 1.22 10 1988 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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