* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 21 countries was 7 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in South Africa: 60.55 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Sao Tome and Principe: 0.05 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
South Africa 60.55 1 1960 - 2022
Nigeria 35.56 2 1960 - 2022
Angola 13.65 3 1995 - 2022
Kenya 7.97 4 1965 - 2022
Mauritius 7.79 5 1960 - 2022
Botswana 4.28 6 1976 - 2022
Zambia 2.97 7 1965 - 2022
Mozambique 2.94 8 1984 - 2022
Namibia 2.8 9 1992 - 2022
Madagascar 2.16 10 1962 - 2022
Rwanda 1.73 11 1964 - 2022
Cape Verde 0.7 12 1976 - 2022
Seychelles 0.64 13 1973 - 2022
Sierra Leone 0.62 14 1960 - 2022
Liberia 0.6 15 1974 - 2022
Zimbabwe 0.6 16 1966 - 2022
Gambia 0.57 17 1964 - 2022
Swaziland 0.45 18 1974 - 2022
Comoros 0.28 19 1980 - 2022
Burundi 0.16 20 1964 - 2022
S.T.&Principe 0.05 21 1995 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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