* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 16 countries was 48.05 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in Brazil: 324.67 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Haiti: 2.37 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
Brazil 324.67 1 1960 - 2022
Mexico 201.12 2 1960 - 2022
Colombia 56.7 3 1960 - 2022
Argentina 44.8 4 1960 - 2022
Chile 39.1 5 1960 - 2022
Guatemala 20.41 6 1960 - 2022
Uruguay 15.13 7 1960 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 14.52 8 1960 - 2022
Paraguay 9.52 9 1960 - 2022
Costa Rica 8.55 10 1960 - 2022
Ecuador 8.46 11 1960 - 2022
Honduras 8.41 12 1960 - 2022
Panama 6.88 13 1960 - 2022
Nicaragua 4.4 14 1960 - 2022
Bolivia 3.75 15 1960 - 2022
Haiti 2.37 16 1960 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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