* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 38 countries was 214.91 billion U.S. dollars. The highest value was in China: 3306.84 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in the Maldives: 0.83 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2022 Global rank Available data
China 3306.84 1 1977 - 2022
Japan 1227.57 2 1960 - 2022
India 567.3 3 1960 - 2022
Saudi Arabia 478.23 4 1960 - 2022
Hong Kong 424.03 5 1990 - 2022
South Korea 423.37 6 1960 - 2022
Singapore 296.63 7 1960 - 2022
Thailand 216.5 8 1960 - 2022
Israel 194.23 9 1960 - 2022
UA Emirates 138.43 10 1973 - 2022
Indonesia 137.22 11 1960 - 2022
Malaysia 114.66 12 1960 - 2022
Iraq 97.01 13 1960 - 2022
Philippines 96.04 14 1960 - 2022
Vietnam 86.54 15 1995 - 2022
Kuwait 52.46 16 1960 - 2022
Qatar 47.39 17 1966 - 2022
Uzbekistan 35.77 18 1999 - 2022
Kazakhstan 35.08 19 1993 - 2022
Bangladesh 33.75 20 1972 - 2022
Lebanon 32.51 21 1960 - 2022
Macao 25.97 22 1984 - 2022
Cambodia 17.8 23 1993 - 2022
Oman 17.61 24 1970 - 2022
Azerbaijan 11.29 25 1993 - 2022
Pakistan 9.93 26 1960 - 2022
Nepal 9.34 27 1960 - 2022
Brunei 5.03 28 1999 - 2022
Georgia 4.89 29 1995 - 2022
Bahrain 4.77 30 1965 - 2022
Armenia 4.11 31 1992 - 2022
Tajikistan 3.85 32 1997 - 2022
Mongolia 3.4 33 1992 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 2.8 34 1993 - 2022
Yemen 1.25 35 1990 - 2022
Laos 1.22 36 1988 - 2022
Palestine 0.9 37 2006 - 2022
Maldives 0.83 38 1976 - 2022



Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
3306.84
1227.57
567.30
478.23
424.03
423.37
296.63
216.50
194.23
138.43
137.22
114.66
97.01
96.04
86.54
52.46
47.39
35.77
35.08
33.75
32.51
25.97
17.80
17.61
11.29
9.93
9.34
5.03
4.89
4.77
4.11
3.85
3.40
2.80
1.25
1.22
0.90
0.83
0
826.7
1653.4
2480.1
3306.84
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