Turkey: Labor force

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Turkey

Labor force, million people

 Latest value 34.28
 Year 2022
 Measure million people
 Data availability 1990 - 2022
 Average 25.38
 Min - Max 19.66 - 34.28
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Turkey from 1990 to 2022. The average value for Turkey during that period was 25.38 million people with a minimum of 19.66 million people in 1993 and a maximum of 34.28 million people in 2022. The latest value from 2022 is 34.28 million people. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 176 countries is 19.35 million people. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Turkey - Labor force - recent values

Historical chart
Turkey - Labor force - historical chart - 1990-2022




Definition: Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Labor force 34.28 2022 million people
 Unemployment rate 10.03 2022 percent
 Female unemployment 12.72 2022 percent
 Male unemployment 8.73 2022 percent
 Youth unemployment 18.98 2022 percent
 Labor force participation 52.55 2022 percent
 Labor force: percent female 32.67 2022 percent
 Female labor force participation 34.17 2022 percent
 Male labor force participation 71.12 2022 percent
 Employment 32.19 9/2023 million employed people
 Unemployment rate 8.90 9/2023 percent
 Labor cost 1,109.32 Q3/2023 index points
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