Netherlands: Financial openness

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Netherlands

Financial openness index

 Latest value 2.299
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1970 - 2021
 Average 2.117
 Min - Max 0.344 - 2.299
 Source Chinn-Ito Index
For that indicator, we provide data for the Netherlands from 1970 to 2021. The average value for the Netherlands during that period was 2.117 index points with a minimum of 0.344 index points in 1971 and a maximum of 2.299 index points in 1981. The latest value from 2021 is 2.299 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 176 countries is 0.322 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Netherlands - Financial openness  - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Netherlands - Financial openness  - historical chart - 1970-2021




Definition: The Chinn-Ito index measures a country's degree of capital account openness and was introduced in Chinn and Ito (Journal of Development Economics, 2006). It is based on variables that codify the restrictions on cross-border financial transactions in the IMF's Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions. Higher values mean greater financial openness.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 96.94 2021 percent
 Trade openness 176.71 2022 percent
 Financial openness 2.299 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 93.75 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 946.33 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 4.51 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 82.96 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 837.39 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP -1.20 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars -11.51 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities -3,832.53 2022 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP 10.10 2023 percent
 Current account, in dollars 93.84 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP 10.79 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars 108.95 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 63.35 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 0.23 2022 percent
 Remittances 2,370.41 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -3,644.76 2022 million USD
 Foreign exchange reserves 61.98 9/2023 billion
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