Romania: Voice and accountability

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Voice and accountability index (-2.5 weak; 2.5 strong)

 Latest value 0.56
 Year 2022
 Measure points
 Data availability 1996 - 2022
 Average 0.45
 Min - Max 0.29 - 0.60
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Romania from 1996 to 2022. The average value for Romania during that period was 0.45 points with a minimum of 0.29 points in 1996 and a maximum of 0.6 points in 2017. The latest value from 2022 is 0.56 points. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 192 countries is -0.05 points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Romania - Voice and accountability - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Romania - Voice and accountability - historical chart - 1996-2022

Definition: The index for Voice and Accountability captures perceptions of the extent to which the citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Rule of law 0.40 2022 points
 Government effectiveness 0.00 2022 points
 Control of corruption 0.02 2022 points
 Regulatory quality 0.36 2022 points
 Voice and accountability 0.56 2022 points
 Political stability 0.49 2022 points
 Corruption perceptions - Transparency International 46 2022 points
 Political rights 2 2024 points
 Civil liberties 2 2024 points
 Competitiveness 64.40 2019 points
 Cost of starting a business 0.30 2019 percent of per capita GNI
 Shadow economy 22.94 2015 percent
 Informal economy, MIMIC method 30.80 2020 percent
 Informal economy, DGE method 25.80 2020 percent
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