Romania: Human development

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Romania

Human Development Index (0 - 1)

 Latest value 0.821
 Year 2021
 Measure points
 Data availability 1980 - 2021
 Average 0.752
 Min - Max 0.678 - 0.828
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Romania from 1980 to 2021. The average value for Romania during that period was 0.752 points with a minimum of 0.678 points in 1993 and a maximum of 0.828 points in 2020. The latest value from 2021 is 0.821 points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 184 countries is 0.724 points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Romania - Human development - recent values

Historical chart
Romania - Human development - historical chart - 1980-2021




The Human Development Index for Romania published by the United Nations is a composite measure including life expectancy, educational attainment, and income level. It aims to measure not only incomes but life quality as well.
Definition: The Human Development Index measures three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Four indicators are used to calculate the index: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and gross national income per capita.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Happiness index 6.44 2023 points
 Human development 0.821 2021 points
 Women in parliament 19.09 2022 percent
 Land area 230,080 2021 sq. km
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