Peru: Gini inequality index

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Peru

Gini income inequality index

 Latest value 40.20
 Year 2021
 Measure index points
 Data availability 1997 - 2021
 Average 47.42
 Min - Max 40.20 - 55.10
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Peru from 1997 to 2021. The average value for Peru during that period was 47.42 index points with a minimum of 40.2 index points in 2021 and a maximum of 55.1 index points in 1998. The latest value from 2021 is 40.2 index points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 22 countries is 40.51 index points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Peru - Gini inequality index - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Peru - Gini inequality index - historical chart - 1997-2021




Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Gini inequality index 40.20 2021 index points
 Poverty ratio 27.50 2022 percent
 Poverty at 1.90 USD per day 2.90 2021 percent
 Poverty at 5.50 USD per day 33.70 2021 percent
 Top 10 percent income share 30.60 2021 percent
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