* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Gini income inequality index, 2020:

The average for 2020 based on 53 countries was 35.03 index points. The highest value was in Colombia: 53.5 index points and the lowest value was in Slovenia: 24 index points. The indicator is available from 1963 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Gini inequality index, 2020 Global rank Available data
Colombia 53.5 1 1992 - 2021
Costa Rica 49.2 2 1981 - 2022
Brazil 48.9 3 1981 - 2021
Ecuador 47.3 4 1994 - 2022
Mexico 45.4 5 1989 - 2020
Chile 44.9 6 1987 - 2020
Peru 43.8 7 1997 - 2021
Bolivia 43.6 8 1997 - 2021
Paraguay 43.5 9 1990 - 2022
Argentina 42.3 10 1980 - 2021
Bulgaria 40.5 11 2006 - 2020
Uruguay 40.2 12 2006 - 2021
USA 39.7 13 1963 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 39.6 14 1986 - 2021
Gambia 38.8 15 1998 - 2020
Indonesia 37.6 16 1984 - 2022
China 37.1 17 1990 - 2020
Vietnam 36.8 18 1992 - 2020
Kenya 36.2 19 1992 - 2021
Lithuania 36 20 2004 - 2020
Russia 36 21 1997 - 2020
Latvia 35.7 22 2004 - 2020
Italy 35.2 23 1986 - 2020
Serbia 35 24 2012 - 2020
Thailand 35 25 1981 - 2021
Spain 34.9 26 1980 - 2020
India 34.8 27 1977 - 2021
Portugal 34.7 28 2003 - 2020
Romania 34.6 29 2006 - 2020
Georgia 34.5 30 1996 - 2021
Greece 33.6 31 1995 - 2020
Luxembourg 33.4 32 1985 - 2020
UK 32.6 33 1968 - 2020
Cyprus 31.7 34 2004 - 2020
Malta 31.4 35 2006 - 2020
Estonia 30.7 36 2003 - 2020
France 30.7 37 1970 - 2020
Austria 29.8 38 1994 - 2020
Hungary 29.7 39 2004 - 2020
Croatia 29.5 40 2009 - 2020
Albania 29.4 41 1996 - 2020
Ireland 29.2 42 1987 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 29 43 2000 - 2020
Sweden 28.9 44 1975 - 2020
Denmark 27.5 45 1987 - 2020
Finland 27.1 46 1987 - 2020
Czechia 26.2 47 1992 - 2020
Belgium 26 48 1985 - 2020
Netherlands 26 49 1983 - 2020
Ukraine 25.6 50 1992 - 2020
Armenia 25.1 51 1999 - 2021
Belarus 24.4 52 1998 - 2020
Slovenia 24 53 2004 - 2020



Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
53.50
49.20
48.90
47.30
45.40
44.90
43.80
43.60
43.50
42.30
40.50
40.20
39.70
39.60
38.80
37.60
37.10
36.80
36.20
36.00
36.00
35.70
35.20
35.00
35.00
34.90
34.80
34.70
34.60
34.50
33.60
33.40
32.60
31.70
31.40
30.70
30.70
29.80
29.70
29.50
29.40
29.20
29.00
28.90
27.50
27.10
26.20
26.00
26.00
25.60
25.10
24.40
24.00
0
13.4
26.8
40.1
53.5
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