* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Gini income inequality index, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 20 countries was 39.49 index points.The highest value was in Colombia: 54.2 index points and the lowest value was in Belarus: 24.4 index points. The indicator is available from 1967 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Gini inequality index, 2020 Global rank Available data
Colombia 54.2 1 1992 - 2020
Costa Rica 49.3 2 1981 - 2020
Brazil 48.9 3 1981 - 2020
Ecuador 47.3 4 1994 - 2020
Mexico 45.4 5 1989 - 2020
Chile 44.9 6 1987 - 2020
Peru 43.8 7 1997 - 2020
Bolivia 43.6 8 1997 - 2020
Paraguay 43.5 9 1990 - 2020
Argentina 42.3 10 1980 - 2020
Uruguay 40.2 11 2006 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 39.6 12 1986 - 2020
Indonesia 37 13 1984 - 2021
Russia 36 14 1997 - 2020
Thailand 35 15 1981 - 2020
Georgia 34.5 16 1996 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 29 17 2000 - 2020
Ukraine 25.6 18 1992 - 2020
Armenia 25.2 19 1999 - 2020
Belarus 24.4 20 1998 - 2020


Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
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