Gini income inequality index, 2020 - Country rankings:
The average for 2020 based on 20 countries was 39.49 index points.The highest value was in Colombia: 54.2 index points and the lowest value was in Belarus: 24.4 index points. The indicator is available from 1967 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Measure: index points; Source: The World Bank
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.