Madagascar: Human development

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Madagascar

Human Development Index (0 - 1)

 Latest value 0.501
 Year 2021
 Measure points
 Data availability 2000 - 2021
 Average 0.497
 Min - Max 0.456 - 0.528
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Madagascar from 2000 to 2021. The average value for Madagascar during that period was 0.497 points with a minimum of 0.456 points in 2000 and a maximum of 0.528 points in 2020. The latest value from 2021 is 0.501 points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 184 countries is 0.724 points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Madagascar - Human development - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Madagascar - Human development - historical chart - 2000-2021




The Human Development Index for Madagascar published by the United Nations is a composite measure including life expectancy, educational attainment, and income level. It aims to measure not only incomes but life quality as well.
Definition: The Human Development Index measures three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Four indicators are used to calculate the index: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and gross national income per capita.

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Stages of economic development

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 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Happiness index 4.02 2023 points
 Human development 0.501 2021 points
 Women in parliament 18.54 2022 percent
 Land area 581,800 2021 sq. km
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