Madagascar: Trade balance, percent of GDP

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Trade balance as percent of GDP

 Latest value -8.86
 Year 2022
 Measure percent
 Data availability 1960 - 2022
 Average -6.10
 Min - Max -21.66 - -0.89
 Source The World Bank
For that indicator, we provide data for Madagascar from 1960 to 2022. The average value for Madagascar during that period was -6.1 percent with a minimum of -21.66 percent in 2009 and a maximum of -0.89 percent in 2001. The latest value from 2022 is -8.86 percent. For comparison, the world average in 2022 based on 149 countries is -4.42 percent. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Recent values chart
Madagascar - Trade balance, percent of GDP - Recent values chart

Historical chart
Madagascar - Trade balance, percent of GDP - historical chart - 1960-2022

The trade balance for Madagascar and other countries is calculated as the difference between the exports and imports of goods and services, as percent of GDP. A positive number means trade surplus and a negative number means trade deficit.
Definition: External balance on goods and services (formerly resource balance) equals exports of goods and services minus imports of goods and services (previously nonfactor services).

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The Balance of Payments: the current and financial accounts

 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Terms of trade 81.81 2021 percent
 Trade openness 69.60 2022 percent
 Financial openness -1.242 2021 index points
 Exports, percent of GDP 30.37 2022 percent
 Exports, billion dollars 4.65 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Growth of exports 27.45 2022 percent
 Imports, percent of GDP 39.23 2022 percent
 Imports, billion dollars 6.00 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Foreign Direct Investment, percent of GDP 3.06 2022 percent
 Foreign Direct Investment, billion dollars 0.40 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Portfolio investment inflows, equities 0.00 2021 million dollars (current)
 Current account, percent of GDP -5.70 2022 percent
 Current account, in dollars -0.83 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Trade balance, percent of GDP -8.86 2022 percent
 Trade balance, in dollars -1.35 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Reserves 2.16 2022 billion U.S. dollars
 Remittances, percent of GDP 2.88 2022 percent
 Remittances 440.00 2022 million U.S. dollars
 Net errors and omissions -24.57 2022 million USD
 External debt 39.91 2022 percent
 Short-term external debt 3.03 2022 percent
 Short-term debt to reserves 8.32 2022 percent
 Foreign exchange reserves 2.38 9/2023 billion
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