Estonia: Human development

* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
 Estonia

Human Development Index (0 - 1)

 Latest value 0.89
 Year 2021
 Measure points
 Data availability 1990 - 2021
 Average 0.811
 Min - Max 0.709 - 0.892
 Source The United Nations
For that indicator, we provide data for Estonia from 1990 to 2021. The average value for Estonia during that period was 0.811 points with a minimum of 0.709 points in 1993 and a maximum of 0.892 points in 2020. The latest value from 2021 is 0.89 points. For comparison, the world average in 2021 based on 184 countries is 0.724 points. See the global rankings for that indicator or use the country comparator to compare trends over time.
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Recent values chart
Estonia - Human development - recent values

Historical chart
Estonia - Human development - historical chart - 1990-2021




The Human Development Index for Estonia published by the United Nations is a composite measure including life expectancy, educational attainment, and income level. It aims to measure not only incomes but life quality as well.
Definition: The Human Development Index measures three basic dimensions of human development: long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Four indicators are used to calculate the index: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, and gross national income per capita.


 Related indicators Latest value Reference Measure
 Happiness index 6.36 2023 points
 Human development 0.890 2021 points
 Women in parliament 25.74 2022 percent
 Land area 42,750 2021 sq. km
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