Montserrat Economic Indicators

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Money and inflation
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
Local Currency Units per USD
monthly
May/2019
2.7026
9/2004 - 5/2019
The amount of local currency units that can be exchanged for one USD. An increase (decrease) means USD appreciation (depreciation).
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Government spending and balances
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
Sovereign rating index and outlook
monthly
0.0
10/2004 - 9/2011
S&P includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating. Moody’s includes long-term ratings from the highest Aaa to the lowest C. Fitch includes long-term ratings from the highest AAA to the lowest D rating.

For all three credit rating agencies the ratings are divided into two large groups based on the level of credit risk: investment grade for lower levels of credit risk and speculative grade for higher levels of credit risk. For S&P and Fitch investment grade issues/issuers are those from BBB and above, while those from BB and below are categorized as speculative grade. Moody’s denotes as investment grade issues/issuers from Baa3 and above, while ratings from Ba1 and bellow fall to the category of speculative grade.

All three agencies include modifiers into to their generic alphabet-based ratings for particular ranges. S&P and Fitch ratings are modified with “+” or “-“ from the range AA to CCC. Moody’s appends numerical modifiers from 1 to 3 to the generic rating classifications from Aa to Caa. 1 indicates standing in the higher end of the generic category, while 3 indicates ranking in the lower end. All modifiers denote relative status within major rating categories.

Rating outlooks indicate the direction the rating is likely to move over a one to two year period. In determining an outlook consideration is given to any changes in fundamental business conditions. Credit watch focuses on identifiable events that cause ratings to be placed under special surveillance.

Rating Outlooks/Watches for the three agencies are the following:

- Positive means that a rating may be raised
- Negative means that a rating may be lowered
- Stable means a rating is not likely to change
- When the fundamental trend has strong, conflicting elements of both positive and negative, the outlook/watch is denoted as Developing.

Credit watches do not include Stable watch because they are only event-driven and denote higher probability of change in the rating. Credit Outlooks and Watches are mutually exclusive.
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Country risk indicators
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
index points
annual
2018
4
2014  -  2018
The short-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon of up to 1 year. In order to assess this risk, Credendo uses a quantitative model, essentially focusing on the evolution of the liquidity situation of the debtor/obligor countries. The aim is to assess the capacity of a country to honour its short-term payment obligations. The model closely follows any deterioration or improvement in the situation of the debtor countries. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2018
7.0
2014  -  2018
The medium-/long-term political risk classification measures the likelihood of a risk caused by political and assimilated events connected to cross-border transactions with a risk horizon beyond 1 year. Credendo developed a quantitative model measuring especially the countries’ solvency. It combines an assessment of the economic and financial situation, an assessment of the political situation and a payment experience analysis for each country. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2018
5
2014  -  2018
The premium category set for political risk related to (special) cash transactions is based on Credendo’s classification for respectively short-term and medium-/long-term political risks related to credit transactions. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2018
7
2014  -  2018
The currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction risk refers to the inability to convert and transfer out of the host country any funds related to the investment. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2014
3
2014  -  2014
The risk of expropriation encompasses all discriminatory measures taken by a host government which deprive the investor of its investment without any adequate compensation; for the purpose of analysing the expropriation risk, events of embargo, change of (legal) regime and denial of justice are included. In order to assess the expropriation risk Credendo not only assesses the risk attached to expropriation as such, but also the functioning of legal institutions in the host country and the probability of a negative change in attitude towards foreign investments. Countries are classified into seven categories: from 1 (low risk) to 7 (high risk).
index points
annual
2014
2
2014  -  2014
Political Violence includes all violent act(s) undertaken with a political objective; this concept is broader than ‘war’ and includes: terrorism (political, religious and ideological objectives) and political violence damage (damage to material assets as a result of political violence); for the purposes of analysing the political violence risk, types of business interruption as a result of political violence damage are included. In order to assess the political violence risk, Credendo looks at the actual levels of internal violence in and external conflict with a country, but also at the conflict potential that arises from (lingering) internal and external tensions, frustration and dissatisfaction. Countries are classified into seven categories (from 1-low risk to 7-high risk).
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Industry: Oil, coal, and electricity
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
billion barrels
annual
2019
0.00
1980  -  2019
Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2018
0.00
1980  -  2018
Oil production includes the production of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas plant liquids, and other liquids, and refinery processing gain. Negative values indicate a net refinery processing loss.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
0.00
1986  -  2014
Gasoline production includes production of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes production of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
0.00
1986  -  2014
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel produced within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2012
0.00
1986  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases production also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
0.60
1980  -  2014
Oil consumption (Total petroleum consumption) includes internal consumption, refinery fuel and loss, and bunkering. Also included, where available, is direct combustion of crude oil.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2014
0.10
1991  -  2014
Gasoline consumption includes the consumption of: conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline; but excludes the consumption of aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in the data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2016
0.00
1986  -  2016
The indicator estimates the volume of jet fuel consumed within a country expressed in thousand barrels per day. Jet fuel is a refined petroleum product used in jet aircraft engines and it includes kerosene-type jet fuel and naphtha-type jet fuel.
thousand barrels per day
annual
2012
0.00
1986  -  2012
Liquefied petroleum gases include ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. The Liquefied Petroleum Gases consumption also includes, where data are available, liquefied petroleum gases sold directly from natural gas processing plants for fuel or chemical uses and pentanes plus.
million short tons
annual
2017
0.00
2008  -  2017
Proven reserves of coal in million short tons. A short ton equals exactly 2,000 pounds or 907.18 kilograms.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Total primary coal production (Coal includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale.)
thousand short tons
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Coal consumption includes anthracite, subanthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, brown coal, and oil shale. It also includes net imports of metallurgical coke.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Amount of foreign coal shipped to the country.
thousand short tons
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Amount of coal shipped to foreign destinations.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.02
1980  -  2016
Total electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.02
1980  -  2016
Total Electricity Net Consumption = total net electricity generation + electricity imports - electricity exports – electricity transmission and distribution losses. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.01
1980  -  2016
Total Electricity Installed Capacity (Million Kilowatts)
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Annual import of electricity in billion kWh.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Annual export of electricity in billion kWh.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Total Renewables Electricity Net Generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units and also excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage)
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Energy mix
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.01
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.02
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from fossil fuels including oil, coal, and natural gas.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from wind in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from wind.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce electricity from sunlight in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of electricity generated from sunlight.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Hydroelectric generation excludes generation from hydroelectric pumped storage.
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce hydroelectricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Nuclear electricity net generation (Net generation excludes the energy consumed by the generating units)
million kilowatts
annual
2016
0.00
2000  -  2016
Installed capacity to produce geothermal electricity in million kilowatts.
billion kilowatthours
annual
2016
0.00
1980  -  2016
Billion kilowatthours of geothermal electricity generated.
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Crime statistics
measure
Frequency
Latest value
Last update
Time coverage
homicides per 100,000 people
annual
2008
20.4
2000  -  2008
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
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