in the European union Trade openness in the European union |
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Trade openness in the European union:

The average for 2017 was 139.62 percent.The highest value was in Luxembourg: 412.87 percent and the lowest value was in Italy: 59.36 percent. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.
Trade openness: exports plus imports as percent of GDP, 2017
(percent, Source: The World Bank,

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