* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Trade openness: exports plus imports as percent of GDP, 2018:

The average for 2018 based on 169 countries was 92.12 percent. The highest value was in Hong Kong: 376.89 percent and the lowest value was in Sudan: 21.87 percent. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Trade openness, 2018 Global rank Available data
Hong Kong 376.89 1 1961 - 2022
Luxembourg 362.42 2 1970 - 2022
Singapore 325.2 3 1960 - 2022
San Marino 309.49 4 2015 - 2021
Malta 302.7 5 1970 - 2022
Djibouti 300.4 6 2013 - 2022
Ireland 216.54 7 1970 - 2022
Seychelles 208.69 8 1976 - 2022
Slovakia 189.8 9 1990 - 2022
Belgium 166.49 10 1970 - 2022
Vietnam 164.66 11 1986 - 2022
Hungary 163.26 12 1991 - 2022
Slovenia 161.14 13 1995 - 2022
Netherlands 158.82 14 1969 - 2022
UA Emirates 157.92 15 2001 - 2020
Bahrain 150.81 16 1980 - 2021
Cyprus 148.96 17 1975 - 2022
Lithuania 148.59 18 1995 - 2022
Czechia 147.95 19 1990 - 2022
Estonia 145.92 20 1995 - 2022
Aruba 145.21 21 1995 - 2022
Lesotho 144.43 22 1960 - 2022
Belarus 139.39 23 1992 - 2022
North Macedonia 133.22 24 1990 - 2022
Ant.& Barb. 130.66 25 2014 - 2022
Malaysia 130.4 26 1960 - 2022
Bulgaria 128.9 27 1980 - 2022
Mongolia 126.36 28 1981 - 2022
Cambodia 124.9 29 1960 - 2022
Switzerland 124.43 30 1980 - 2022
Latvia 123.62 31 1995 - 2022
Thailand 120.84 32 1960 - 2022
Macao 115.87 33 1982 - 2022
Georgia 111.76 34 1990 - 2022
Montenegro 109.61 35 2000 - 2022
Serbia 109.49 36 1995 - 2022
Austria 107.92 37 1970 - 2022
Denmark 106.97 38 1966 - 2022
Dominica 106.96 39 2006 - 2018
Faroe Isl. 106.87 40 1965 - 2022
Puerto Rico 106 41 1971 - 2022
Cape Verde 105.87 42 1980 - 2022
Tunisia 103.87 43 1965 - 2022
Eq. Guinea 103.65 44 2005 - 2022
Honduras 103.55 45 1960 - 2022
Poland 103.45 46 1995 - 2022
Fiji 103.24 47 1980 - 2022
Kuwait 103.12 48 1965 - 2019
Micronesia 100.85 49 1983 - 2022
Belize 100.69 50 1980 - 2022
R. of Congo 100.58 51 1960 - 2022
Croatia 99.37 52 1995 - 2022
Ukraine 99.2 53 1989 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 98.88 54 1990 - 2018
Bosnia & Herz. 98.43 55 1994 - 2022
Vanuatu 98.34 56 1980 - 2022
Mauritius 98.09 57 1976 - 2022
Kiribati 96.58 58 1972 - 2022
Nicaragua 93.98 59 1988 - 2022
Brunei 93.9 60 1974 - 2022
Armenia 92.47 61 1990 - 2022
Qatar 91.84 62 1994 - 2022
Azerbaijan 91.67 63 1990 - 2022
Jamaica 89.98 64 1960 - 2019
Oman 89.28 65 1967 - 2021
Mauritania 89.15 66 1961 - 2022
Sweden 89.13 67 1960 - 2022
Guinea 88.98 68 1986 - 2022
Iceland 88.64 69 1970 - 2022
Germany 88.52 70 1970 - 2022
Solomon Isl. 88.49 71 1980 - 2020
Jordan 87.96 72 1976 - 2019
Tonga 87.59 73 1975 - 2021
Botswana 87.46 74 1960 - 2022
Moldova 87.45 75 1995 - 2022
Romania 86.47 76 1990 - 2022
Portugal 86.43 77 1970 - 2022
Swaziland 84.75 78 1960 - 2022
Namibia 81.71 79 1980 - 2022
Barbados 81.04 80 1975 - 2022
Mexico 80.21 81 1960 - 2022
Greece 80.15 82 1960 - 2022
Bhutan 79.74 83 1980 - 2021
South Korea 78.99 84 1960 - 2022
Samoa 78.93 85 2002 - 2022
Finland 78.19 86 1970 - 2022
Bermuda 77.56 87 2010 - 2022
Morocco 77.25 88 1960 - 2022
Gabon 77.04 89 1960 - 2022
Albania 76.81 90 1984 - 2022
Bahamas 76.17 91 1977 - 2022
El Salvador 75.63 92 1965 - 2022
Somalia 75.39 93 1960 - 2022
Zambia 74.89 94 1994 - 2022
Chad 74.2 95 1960 - 2022
Philippines 72.16 96 1981 - 2022
Paraguay 72.07 97 1965 - 2022
Palestine 71.4 98 1994 - 2022
Uzbekistan 71.21 99 1997 - 2022
Norway 70 100 1970 - 2022
DR Congo 69.92 101 1994 - 2022
Lebanon 68.26 102 1989 - 2021
Ghana 67.96 103 1960 - 2022
Madagascar 67.84 104 1960 - 2022
Spain 67.57 105 1970 - 2022
Costa Rica 66.95 106 1960 - 2022
Canada 66.6 107 1961 - 2022
Angola 66.38 108 2002 - 2022
Iraq 65.8 109 1970 - 2021
UK 64.54 110 1970 - 2022
France 64.44 111 1960 - 2022
Libya 63.78 112 1990 - 2019
Kazakhstan 63.53 113 1992 - 2022
Gambia 63.11 114 1966 - 2022
Turkey 62.61 115 1960 - 2022
Saudi Arabia 61.96 116 1968 - 2022
Benin 61.8 117 1960 - 2022
Senegal 61.79 118 1960 - 2022
Burkina Faso 60.6 119 1960 - 2022
Italy 60.3 120 1970 - 2022
Mali 60.14 121 1967 - 2022
Yemen 58.9 122 1990 - 2018
Israel 58.89 123 1995 - 2022
Iran 58.57 124 1960 - 2022
Chile 58.18 125 1960 - 2022
Algeria 58.07 126 1960 - 2022
Togo 57.57 127 1960 - 2022
Bolivia 57.11 128 1960 - 2022
Sierra Leone 56.7 129 1964 - 2022
G.-Bissau 56.02 130 1970 - 2020
Tajikistan 55.85 131 1993 - 2021
New Zealand 55.8 132 1971 - 2022
Rwanda 55.79 133 1960 - 2022
Zimbabwe 54.55 134 1975 - 2022
South Africa 54.49 135 1960 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 52.06 136 1960 - 2022
Russia 51.58 137 1989 - 2022
Turkmenistan 50.9 138 1991 - 2021
Syria 50.66 139 1960 - 2021
Sri Lanka 49.81 140 1960 - 2022
C.A. Republic 49.66 141 1960 - 2022
Peru 48.63 142 1982 - 2022
Nepal 48.45 143 1965 - 2022
Uruguay 47.92 144 1960 - 2022
Guatemala 47.01 145 1960 - 2022
Ecuador 46.36 146 1960 - 2022
Ivory Coast 46.04 147 1960 - 2022
Egypt 45.91 148 1965 - 2022
Haiti 45.14 149 1988 - 2022
India 43.62 150 1960 - 2022
Australia 43.35 151 1960 - 2022
Indonesia 43.07 152 1967 - 2022
Comoros 43 153 1980 - 2022
Cameroon 40.59 154 1965 - 2022
China 37.57 155 1960 - 2022
Niger 37.54 156 1960 - 2022
Uganda 36.64 157 1960 - 2022
Japan 36.61 158 1970 - 2022
Colombia 36.53 159 1960 - 2022
Kenya 34.41 160 1960 - 2022
Tanzania 32.64 161 1990 - 2022
Bangladesh 32.51 162 1960 - 2022
Ethiopia 31.2 163 2011 - 2022
Argentina 30.76 164 1983 - 2022
Brazil 28.88 165 1989 - 2022
Pakistan 27.63 166 1960 - 2022
USA 27.61 167 1970 - 2021
Burundi 26.6 168 1960 - 2022
Sudan 21.87 169 1960 - 2022



Definition: Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.

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Are trade deficits bad for the economy?

International trade and economic development

376.89
362.42
325.20
309.49
302.70
300.40
216.54
208.69
189.80
166.49
164.66
163.26
161.14
158.82
157.92
150.81
148.96
148.59
147.95
145.92
145.21
144.43
139.39
133.22
130.66
130.40
128.90
126.36
124.90
124.43
123.62
120.84
115.87
111.76
109.61
109.49
107.92
106.97
106.96
106.87
106.00
105.87
103.87
103.65
103.55
103.45
103.24
103.12
100.85
100.69
100.58
99.37
99.20
98.88
98.43
98.34
98.09
96.58
93.98
93.90
92.47
91.84
91.67
89.98
89.28
89.15
89.13
88.98
88.64
88.52
88.49
87.96
87.59
87.46
87.45
86.47
86.43
84.75
81.71
81.04
80.21
80.15
79.74
78.99
78.93
78.19
77.56
77.25
77.04
76.81
76.17
75.63
75.39
74.89
74.20
72.16
72.07
71.40
71.21
70.00
69.92
68.26
67.96
67.84
67.57
66.95
66.60
66.38
65.80
64.54
64.44
63.78
63.53
63.11
62.61
61.96
61.80
61.79
60.60
60.30
60.14
58.90
58.89
58.57
58.18
58.07
57.57
57.11
56.70
56.02
55.85
55.80
55.79
54.55
54.49
52.06
51.58
50.90
50.66
49.81
49.66
48.63
48.45
47.92
47.01
46.36
46.04
45.91
45.14
43.62
43.35
43.07
43.00
40.59
37.57
37.54
36.64
36.61
36.53
34.41
32.64
32.51
31.20
30.76
28.88
27.63
27.61
26.60
21.87
0
94.2
188.4
282.7
376.89
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