* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Trade openness: exports plus imports as percent of GDP, 2018 - Country rankings:

The average for 2018 based on 173 countries was 92.13 percent.The highest value was in Hong Kong: 376.89 percent and the lowest value was in Sudan: 1.3 percent. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Trade openness, 2018 Global rank Available data
Hong Kong 376.89 1 1961 - 2021
Luxembourg 360.13 2 1970 - 2021
Singapore 324.32 3 1960 - 2021
San Marino 309.49 4 2015 - 2020
Djibouti 300.4 5 2013 - 2020
Malta 272.95 6 1970 - 2021
Ireland 217.43 7 1970 - 2021
Seychelles 202.5 8 1976 - 2021
Slovakia 190.7 9 1990 - 2021
Belgium 166.29 10 1970 - 2021
Hungary 163.24 11 1991 - 2021
Slovenia 161.19 12 1995 - 2021
UA Emirates 159.73 13 2001 - 2020
Netherlands 158.82 14 1969 - 2021
Maldives 153.83 15 1980 - 2020
Bahrain 150.81 16 1980 - 2020
Cyprus 148.85 17 1975 - 2021
Lithuania 148.59 18 1995 - 2021
Aruba 148.43 19 1995 - 2020
Czechia 147.98 20 1990 - 2021
Estonia 146.34 21 1995 - 2021
Lesotho 145.39 22 1960 - 2020
Belarus 139.39 23 1990 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 135.06 24 1993 - 2020
North Macedonia 133.22 25 1990 - 2021
Malaysia 130.4 26 1960 - 2021
Bulgaria 128.85 27 1980 - 2021
Mozambique 127.2 28 1991 - 2020
Mongolia 126.36 29 1981 - 2021
Vanuatu 125.59 30 1980 - 2020
Cambodia 124.9 31 1960 - 2021
Latvia 123.66 32 1995 - 2021
Thailand 120.84 33 1960 - 2021
R. of Congo 120.04 34 1960 - 2019
Switzerland 119.98 35 1980 - 2021
Cape Verde 116.95 36 1980 - 2021
Macao 115.63 37 1982 - 2021
Belize 114.71 38 1980 - 2021
Georgia 111.76 39 1990 - 2021
Montenegro 109.61 40 2000 - 2021
Serbia 109.49 41 1995 - 2021
Austria 107.88 42 1970 - 2021
Poland 107.42 43 1995 - 2021
Faroe Isl. 107.16 44 1998 - 2020
Denmark 106.97 45 1966 - 2021
Dominica 106.96 46 2006 - 2018
Somalia 106.69 47 1960 - 2021
Puerto Rico 106.06 48 1971 - 2018
Tunisia 103.87 49 1965 - 2021
Eq. Guinea 103.65 50 2005 - 2021
Honduras 103.55 51 1960 - 2021
Fiji 103.44 52 1980 - 2021
Kuwait 103.12 53 1965 - 2019
Micronesia 100.85 54 1983 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 99.9 55 1994 - 2021
Croatia 99.85 56 1995 - 2021
Ukraine 99.2 57 1989 - 2021
Kyrgyzstan 98.88 58 1990 - 2021
Kiribati 98.65 59 1972 - 2018
Mauritius 94.98 60 1976 - 2021
Nicaragua 93.98 61 1960 - 2021
Brunei 93.9 62 1974 - 2021
Armenia 92.47 63 1990 - 2021
Qatar 91.84 64 1994 - 2020
Azerbaijan 91.67 65 1990 - 2021
Solomon Isl. 90.79 66 1980 - 2020
Panama 89.99 67 1960 - 2020
Jamaica 89.98 68 1960 - 2021
Iceland 89.95 69 1970 - 2021
Oman 89.28 70 1967 - 2020
Sweden 89.13 71 1960 - 2021
Guinea 88.98 72 1986 - 2021
Jordan 88.53 73 1976 - 2021
Germany 88.43 74 1970 - 2021
Botswana 88.06 75 1960 - 2020
Morocco 87.98 76 1960 - 2021
Tonga 87.54 77 1975 - 2020
Romania 87.14 78 1990 - 2021
Portugal 86.43 79 1970 - 2021
Moldova 85.87 80 1995 - 2021
Swaziland 84.74 81 1960 - 2020
Samoa 84.43 82 2002 - 2021
Bhutan 84.19 83 1980 - 2020
Mauritania 82.2 84 1961 - 2020
Namibia 81.71 85 1980 - 2021
Mexico 80.56 86 1960 - 2021
Greece 80.15 87 1960 - 2021
South Korea 78.99 88 1960 - 2021
Finland 78.19 89 1970 - 2021
Bermuda 77.33 90 2010 - 2021
Gabon 77.04 91 1960 - 2021
Albania 76.81 92 1984 - 2021
Bahamas 75.66 93 1977 - 2021
El Salvador 75.63 94 1965 - 2021
Barbados 75.46 95 1975 - 2020
Zambia 74.89 96 1994 - 2021
Chad 74.2 97 1960 - 2021
Paraguay 72.53 98 1965 - 2021
Philippines 72.16 99 1981 - 2021
Uzbekistan 71.53 100 1997 - 2021
Palestine 71.4 101 1994 - 2021
DR Congo 71.17 102 1994 - 2021
Norway 70.21 103 1970 - 2021
Zimbabwe 69.45 104 1975 - 2020
Madagascar 68.57 105 1960 - 2021
Lebanon 68.26 106 1989 - 2020
Ghana 67.96 107 1960 - 2021
Spain 67.61 108 1970 - 2021
Costa Rica 66.95 109 1960 - 2021
Canada 66.45 110 1961 - 2021
Angola 66.38 111 2000 - 2021
Iraq 65.8 112 1970 - 2020
France 64.44 113 1960 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 64.23 114 1968 - 2021
Libya 63.78 115 1990 - 2019
Kazakhstan 63.53 116 1992 - 2020
Gambia 63.11 117 1966 - 2021
Turkey 62.55 118 1960 - 2021
Burma 62.45 119 2010 - 2021
UK 62.31 120 1970 - 2021
Benin 61.8 121 1960 - 2020
Senegal 61.79 122 1960 - 2021
Burkina Faso 60.6 123 1960 - 2019
Italy 60.3 124 1970 - 2021
Mali 60.14 125 1967 - 2021
Israel 59.16 126 1995 - 2021
Iran 58.38 127 1960 - 2020
Chile 58.18 128 1960 - 2021
Algeria 58.07 129 1960 - 2021
Bolivia 57.11 130 1960 - 2021
Sierra Leone 56.7 131 1964 - 2020
Togo 56.69 132 1960 - 2021
G.-Bissau 56.02 133 1970 - 2020
Tajikistan 55.85 134 1993 - 2020
New Zealand 55.79 135 1971 - 2020
Rwanda 55.76 136 1960 - 2021
South Africa 54.51 137 1960 - 2021
Sri Lanka 53.51 138 1960 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 52.06 139 1960 - 2021
Russia 51.58 140 1989 - 2021
Syria 50.62 141 1960 - 2018
C.A. Republic 49.66 142 1960 - 2021
Yemen 49.3 143 2010 - 2020
Peru 48.63 144 1960 - 2021
Nepal 48.45 145 1965 - 2021
Egypt 48.28 146 1965 - 2021
Uruguay 47.83 147 1960 - 2021
Haiti 47.26 148 1988 - 2021
Guatemala 47.09 149 1960 - 2021
Ecuador 46.36 150 1960 - 2021
Ivory Coast 46.07 151 1960 - 2021
India 43.62 152 1960 - 2021
Australia 43.38 153 1960 - 2021
Indonesia 43.07 154 1967 - 2021
Comoros 43 155 1980 - 2021
Cameroon 40.59 156 1965 - 2021
Niger 38.13 157 1960 - 2021
China 37.57 158 1960 - 2021
Uganda 36.64 159 1960 - 2021
Japan 36.63 160 1970 - 2020
Colombia 36.53 161 1960 - 2021
Turkmenistan 35.16 162 1991 - 2018
Kenya 34.41 163 1960 - 2021
Nigeria 33.01 164 1960 - 2019
Tanzania 32.64 165 1990 - 2021
Bangladesh 32.51 166 1960 - 2021
Ethiopia 31.2 167 2011 - 2021
Argentina 30.76 168 1962 - 2021
Brazil 28.88 169 1960 - 2021
Pakistan 27.63 170 1960 - 2021
USA 27.59 171 1970 - 2020
Burundi 26.6 172 1960 - 2021
Sudan 1.3 173 1960 - 2021


Economic outlook

Definition: Exports plus imports as percent of GDP.
376.89
360.13
324.32
309.49
300.40
272.95
217.43
202.50
190.70
166.29
163.24
161.19
159.73
158.82
153.83
150.81
148.85
148.59
148.43
147.98
146.34
145.39
139.39
135.06
133.22
130.40
128.85
127.20
126.36
125.59
124.90
123.66
120.84
120.04
119.98
116.95
115.63
114.71
111.76
109.61
109.49
107.88
107.42
107.16
106.97
106.96
106.69
106.06
103.87
103.65
103.55
103.44
103.12
100.85
99.90
99.85
99.20
98.88
98.65
94.98
93.98
93.90
92.47
91.84
91.67
90.79
89.99
89.98
89.95
89.28
89.13
88.98
88.53
88.43
88.06
87.98
87.54
87.14
86.43
85.87
84.74
84.43
84.19
82.20
81.71
80.56
80.15
78.99
78.19
77.33
77.04
76.81
75.66
75.63
75.46
74.89
74.20
72.53
72.16
71.53
71.40
71.17
70.21
69.45
68.57
68.26
67.96
67.61
66.95
66.45
66.38
65.80
64.44
64.23
63.78
63.53
63.11
62.55
62.45
62.31
61.80
61.79
60.60
60.30
60.14
59.16
58.38
58.18
58.07
57.11
56.70
56.69
56.02
55.85
55.79
55.76
54.51
53.51
52.06
51.58
50.62
49.66
49.30
48.63
48.45
48.28
47.83
47.26
47.09
46.36
46.07
43.62
43.38
43.07
43.00
40.59
38.13
37.57
36.64
36.63
36.53
35.16
34.41
33.01
32.64
32.51
31.20
30.76
28.88
27.63
27.59
26.60
1.30
0
94.2
188.4
282.7
376.89
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