* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

State legitimacy index, 0 (high) - 10 (low), 2023:

The average for 2023 based on 20 countries was 5.94 index points. The highest value was in Haiti: 9.9 index points and the lowest value was in Uruguay: 0.4 index points. The indicator is available from 2007 to 2023. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: index points; Source: Fund for Peace
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries State legitimacy index, 2023 Global rank Available data
Haiti 9.9 1 2007 - 2023
Venezuela 9.6 2 2007 - 2023
Nicaragua 9.1 3 2007 - 2023
Cuba 7.6 4 2007 - 2023
Peru 7.3 5 2007 - 2023
Brazil 7.1 6 2007 - 2023
Guatemala 6.8 7 2007 - 2023
Honduras 6.8 8 2007 - 2023
Bolivia 6.4 9 2007 - 2023
Ecuador 6.4 10 2007 - 2023
Paraguay 6.4 11 2007 - 2023
Mexico 6.3 12 2007 - 2023
Domin. Rep. 5.4 13 2007 - 2023
Colombia 5.3 14 2007 - 2023
El Salvador 5.2 15 2007 - 2023
Chile 4.4 16 2007 - 2023
Panama 3.7 17 2007 - 2023
Argentina 3.4 18 2007 - 2023
Costa Rica 1.2 19 2007 - 2023
Uruguay 0.4 20 2007 - 2023



Definition: The State legitimacy indicator considers the representativeness and openness of government and its relationship with its citizenry. The indicator looks at the population’s level of confidence in state institutions and processes, and assesses the effects where that confidence is absent, manifested through mass public demonstrations, sustained civil disobedience, or the rise of armed insurgencies. The higher the value of the index, the lower the country's legitimacy.
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