* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Shadow economy, percent of GDP, 2015 - Country rankings:

The average for 2015 based on 158 countries was 27.78 percent.The highest value was in Zimbabwe: 67 percent and the lowest value was in Switzerland: 6.94 percent. The indicator is available from 1991 to 2015. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: Medina and Schneider (2018)
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Definition: The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018): Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years?
Shadow economy in Europe
Shadow economy in Asia
Shadow economy in Africa
Shadow economy in North America
Shadow economy in South America
Shadow economy in Australia
Shadow economy in the European union
Shadow economy in Sub Sahara Africa
Shadow economy in MENA
Shadow economy in South East Asia
Shadow economy in Latin America

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