Foreign exchange reserves by country: the latest data

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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.



Countries Latest value Reference Change three months Change twelve months
Albania 5.60 Mar / 2024 -4.26% 11.49%
Algeria 5948.30 Dec / 2021 3.12% -5.74%
Angola 11924.11 Mar / 2024 -2.30% 68.10%
Argentina 27.09 Mar / 2024 17.35% -30.63%
Armenia 3.29 Mar / 2024 -8.75% -11.61%
Aruba 2.67 Dec / 2023 3.64% -4.66%
Australia 89.69 Mar / 2024 -4.50% 2.45%
Austria 29.74 Mar / 2024 5.20% -9.14%
Azerbaijan 11.65 Mar / 2024 0.36% 27.61%
Bahamas 2.91 Mar / 2024 15.75% 9.21%
Bahrain 1.52 Mar / 2024 0.21% 13.37%
Bangladesh 25.37 Apr / 2024 1.01% -18.09%
Barbados 3.21 Mar / 2024 8.84% 0.37%
Belarus 8.52 Jan / 2022 -0.30% 18.33%
Belgium 38.58 Mar / 2024 4.37% -2.07%
Belize 0.94 Jan / 2024 -8.44% -2.37%
Benin 256.80 Nov / 2022 -43.99% -26.48%
Bhutan 92.72 Feb / 2024 -3.74% -15.89%
Bolivia 3.62 Jan / 2023 -1.93% -19.35%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16.03 Mar / 2024 -1.59% 5.42%
Botswana 60.78 Oct / 2022 0.46% 1.26%
Brazil 355.01 Mar / 2024 -0.01% 4.06%
Brunei 5.54 Dec / 2023 7.69% -14.03%
Bulgaria 71.75 May / 2024 -1.30% 5.52%
Burkina Faso 176.80 Nov / 2022 -27.69% -26.12%
Burundi 318.14 Jan / 2024 46.80% 2.18%
Cambodia 80750.60 Jan / 2024 8.92% 7.02%
Canada 122.76 May / 2024 5.60% 7.83%
Cape Verde 70.61 Nov / 2023 -2.29% 12.84%
Chile 45.71 Mar / 2024 -1.39% 16.29%
China 3469.44 Mar / 2024 0.57% 2.68%
Colombia 60.02 Mar / 2024 0.64% 3.51%
Comoros 104.22 Dec / 2022 0.90% -9.99%
Costa Rica 13.39 Mar / 2024 1.26% 46.53%
Croatia 2.72 Mar / 2024 -5.70% -13.19%
Cyprus 1.75 Mar / 2024 8.18% 7.88%
Czechia 3464.72 Mar / 2024 4.36% 13.65%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 14618.30 Jan / 2024 18.83% 57.56%
Denmark 638.71 Mar / 2024 3.46% 5.94%
Djibouti 0.49 Jul / 2023 -12.13% -12.54%
Dominican Republic 13.77 Mar / 2024 -10.96% -14.06%
Ecuador 5.30 Mar / 2024 18.98% -35.29%
Egypt 35.25 Jan / 2024 0.42% 3.00%
El Salvador 2.92 Mar / 2024 -5.32% -2.71%
Estonia 2.19 Mar / 2024 -7.00% -3.67%
Ethiopia 56.15 Q2 / 2023 14.64% -29.65%
Euro area 1118.77 Aug / 2023 -1.90% -1.05%
Fiji 3.39 Dec / 2023 -5.64% -1.06%
Finland 15.44 Aug / 2023 -0.13% -1.03%
France 234.06 Mar / 2024 7.19% 9.76%
Gambia 25.58 Jun / 2023 -10.85% -0.92%
Georgia 4.78 Mar / 2024 -4.65% -4.54%
Germany 312.73 Mar / 2024 7.00% 8.54%
Ghana 5.03 Jan / 2024 32.08% 2.56%
Greece 12.97 Mar / 2024 5.22% 7.11%
Guatemala 21.10 Mar / 2024 -1.00% 3.75%
Guinea 5.65 Aug / 2023 -15.52% -7.56%
Guinea-Bissau 54.50 Nov / 2022 -2.85% 2.64%
Guyana 190.81 Mar / 2024 2.10% 21.48%
Haiti 185.75 Feb / 2021 11.48% -15.04%
Honduras 7.42 Mar / 2024 -5.29% -11.80%
Hong Kong 423.60 Mar / 2024 -0.46% -1.66%
Hungary 46.37 Mar / 2024 12.00% 16.63%
Iceland 912.37 Mar / 2024 15.21% 12.69%
India 54381.38 May / 2024 4.84% 11.79%
Indonesia 140.39 Mar / 2024 -4.09% -3.31%
Iraq 140835.00 Jan / 2024 -5.05% -5.11%
Ireland 11.78 Mar / 2024 0.70% -3.78%
Israel 213.77 Mar / 2024 4.43% 6.62%
Italy 238.87 Mar / 2024 6.60% 8.79%
Ivory Coast 871.30 Nov / 2022 -17.98% -41.05%
Jamaica 5.23 Mar / 2024 7.46% 11.68%
Japan 1290.61 Mar / 2024 -0.31% 2.67%
Jordan 14.71 Dec / 2023 4.62% 4.46%
Kazakhstan 16897.66 Mar / 2024 3.36% 3.30%
Kenya 7.81 Jan / 2024 4.16% 4.18%
Kuwait 13.15 Mar / 2024 0.64% -4.83%
Kyrgyzstan 3.49 Mar / 2024 7.87% 40.22%
Laos 1.78 Sep / 2023 -8.20% 23.69%
Latvia 4.67 Mar / 2024 4.06% 9.34%
Lebanon 505741.17 Dec / 2023 7.89% 953.46%
Lesotho 0.78 Apr / 2020 -2.92% -11.00%
Liberia 0.44 Jan / 2024 -7.32% -25.65%
Libya 81.26 Aug / 2023 2.94% 7.60%
Lithuania 5.07 Mar / 2024 -9.56% -10.73%
Luxembourg 2.75 Mar / 2024 1.73% 0.61%
Macao 226.21 Mar / 2024 1.19% 5.20%
North Macedonia 4.29 Mar / 2024 -5.54% 3.08%
Madagascar 2.50 Feb / 2024 -1.42% 18.10%
Malawi 237.50 Mar / 2024 -41.55% -14.29%
Malaysia 113.80 Mar / 2024 0.26% -1.47%
Maldives 0.54 Mar / 2024 -7.96% -29.15%
Mali 268.10 Nov / 2022 -46.40% -43.96%
Malta 1.30 Mar / 2024 16.48% 14.24%
Mauritania 1.90 Jun / 2022 -5.91% 7.26%
Mauritius 337.43 Mar / 2024 5.00% 10.04%
Mexico 217.19 Mar / 2024 2.08% 7.34%
Moldova 5.35 May / 2024 -0.77% 10.01%
Mongolia 5.25 Mar / 2024 6.67% 52.68%
Montenegro 1.85 Mar / 2024 29.54% 3.29%
Morocco 361.96 Mar / 2024 0.71% 0.22%
Mozambique 205.81 Jan / 2022 -3.45% -30.00%
Namibia 54.27 Mar / 2024 -1.07% 12.29%
Nepal 1652.31 Dec / 2023 10.20% 33.87%
Netherlands 66.71 Mar / 2024 5.42% 7.24%
New Zealand 27.12 Mar / 2024 10.79% 15.24%
Nicaragua 5.70 Mar / 2024 4.73% 17.53%
Niger 188.10 Nov / 2022 -49.05% -36.11%
Nigeria 36.61 Dec / 2022 -2.10% -9.00%
Norway 871.72 May / 2024 0.96% -1.19%
Oman 6.86 Feb / 2024 5.31% 3.48%
Pakistan 13.38 Mar / 2024 5.57% 46.00%
Palestine 1.32 Dec / 2023 6.97% 47.54%
Papua New Guinea 3.65 Nov / 2023 -4.85% 5.39%
Paraguay 10.40 Mar / 2024 2.04% 7.44%
Peru 73.97 Mar / 2024 3.71% 1.54%
Philippines 104.03 Mar / 2024 0.27% 2.45%
Poland 807.69 Mar / 2024 5.91% 10.43%
Portugal 30.72 Sep / 2023 -2.03% 1.73%
Qatar 188.48 Mar / 2024 0.76% 6.41%
Romania 71.18 Mar / 2024 7.87% 20.05%
Russia 590.37 Mar / 2024 -1.37% -0.59%
Rwanda 1.64 Jan / 2024 16.36% 22.65%
Samoa 1.23 Q4 / 2023 5.94% 38.17%
Sao Tome and Principe 0.06 Feb / 2024 -1.51% -13.52%
Saudi Arabia 1707.39 Mar / 2024 4.21% 3.79%
Senegal 274.00 Nov / 2022 -54.54% -58.80%
Serbia 24.94 Mar / 2024 0.13% 16.66%
Seychelles 10.52 Mar / 2024 8.33% 11.05%
Sierra Leone 11479.78 Jan / 2024 4.46% -7.65%
Singapore 497.32 Mar / 2024 7.40% 19.54%
Slovakia 11.40 Mar / 2024 11.50% 19.14%
Slovenia 2.43 Mar / 2024 12.92% 11.72%
Solomon Islands 5.68 Apr / 2024 -0.96% 5.25%
South Africa 1185.63 Mar / 2024 2.42% 7.86%
South Korea 419.30 Mar / 2024 -0.19% -1.60%
Spain 96.20 Mar / 2024 3.07% 6.90%
Sri Lanka 1754.53 Mar / 2024 3.34% 52.87%
Suriname 1.37 Mar / 2024 1.41% 15.13%
Swaziland 9.86 Apr / 2024 1.02% 5.28%
Sweden 664.85 Mar / 2024 7.42% 0.82%
Switzerland 794.94 Mar / 2024 9.74% -2.60%
Taiwan 18334.22 Mar / 2024 3.53% 6.57%
Tajikistan 40.40 Jan / 2024 22.05% 3.38%
Tanzania 5.45 Q2 / 2023 8.65% 6.57%
Thailand 8141.59 Mar / 2024 6.05% 6.37%
Togo 200.50 Nov / 2022 -37.62% -34.07%
Tonga 0.89 Feb / 2024 -0.07% -2.17%
Trinidad and Tobago 6.34 Feb / 2024 -8.84% -13.82%
Tunisia 27.82 Dec / 2023 -1.72% 13.81%
Turkey 124.29 Apr / 2024 -7.15% 8.19%
USA 243.80 Mar / 2024 -0.55% -1.29%
Uganda 3.49 Mar / 2024 -6.58% -3.88%
Ukraine 43.76 Mar / 2024 8.02% 37.24%
United Arab Emirates 722.70 Feb / 2024 13.88% 39.04%
United Kingdom 212.33 Mar / 2024 -0.81% 0.80%
Uruguay 16.71 Mar / 2024 2.79% 7.37%
Uzbekistan 34.19 Mar / 2024 -1.08% -3.52%
Vanuatu 75.33 Q3 / 2023 -1.33% 0.51%
Venezuela 9.80 Mar / 2024 -0.13% 1.98%
Zambia 3.31 Dec / 2023 15.53% 9.36%
Zimbabwe 2707.78 Mar / 2024 303.61% 1477.11%



Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, monetary gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

The table shows the latest numbers, in billion currency units, available from the national authorities and the percent change from three months ago and one year ago.

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