Foreign exchange reserves by country: the latest data

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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series
Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, monetary gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

The table shows the latest numbers, in billion currency units, available from the national authorities and the percent change from three months ago and one year ago.

Definition: Foreign exchange reserves consist of foreign currency, deposits denominated in foreign currency, Monetary Gold, Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) and Reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Foreign exchange reserves are held by monetary authorities to finance trade imbalances, check the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations and address other issues under the purview of the central bank.

Countries Latest available value Reference date Change three months Change twelve months
Albania 4.91 Jun / 2022 -0.05% 25.10%
Algeria 5768.30 Sep / 2021 -0.98% -11.78%
Angola 6114.34 Jun / 2022 -4.80% -37.31%
Argentina 42.73 Jun / 2022 -0.93% 0.93%
Armenia 3.55 Jul / 2022 15.57% 15.19%
Aruba 2.96 Jun / 2022 -3.35% 27.43%
Australia 79.08 Jul / 2022 2.04% 22.78%
Austria 32.54 Jul / 2022 -1.07% 33.95%
Azerbaijan 7.37 Jun / 2022 3.30% 14.20%
Bahamas 3.00 Mar / 2022 23.38% 33.36%
Bahrain 1.33 Jun / 2022 6.72% -7.88%
Bangladesh 41.83 Jun / 2022 -5.26% -9.84%
Barbados 2.95 May / 2022 -1.23% 19.07%
Belarus 8.52 Jan / 2022 -0.30% 18.33%
Belgium 38.86 Jun / 2022 2.29% 45.53%
Belize 0.87 Mar / 2022 2.30% 23.13%
Benin 348.30 May / 2022 -1.89% 45.19%
Bhutan 125.91 Mar / 2022 15.22% 8.92%
Bolivia 4.58 May / 2022 4.13% -6.33%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.90 Jun / 2022 -0.36% 12.11%
Botswana 55.95 May / 2022 3.48% 9.68%
Brazil 353.17 Mar / 2022 -2.49% 1.66%
Brunei 5.02 May / 2022 -2.00% 10.06%
Bulgaria 63.00 Jul / 2022 1.57% 11.34%
Burkina Faso 241.10 May / 2022 -0.94% 74.46%
Burundi 551.75 Apr / 2022 0.00% 275.46%
Cambodia 82619.60 Feb / 2022 2.49% -3.86%
Canada 106.64 Jul / 2022 0.97% 18.23%
Cape Verde 57.14 Sep / 2021 0.09% -17.84%
Chile 44.68 Jul / 2022 -8.09% -8.38%
China 3246.60 Jun / 2022 -3.75% -3.45%
Colombia 57.17 Jun / 2022 -1.45% -2.98%
Comoros 116.43 Sep / 2021 -0.53% 34.25%
Costa Rica 6.51 Jul / 2022 -6.54% -11.72%
Croatia 25.24 Jun / 2022 4.88% 17.19%
Cyprus 1.55 Jul / 2022 0.38% 55.68%
Czechia 3560.20 Jul / 2022 -9.81% -1.04%
Democratic Republic of the Congo 6441.76 Aug / 2021 147.56% 217.66%
Denmark 538.81 Jul / 2022 0.01% 17.11%
Djibouti 0.58 Mar / 2022 -0.58% -11.67%
Dominican Republic 14.21 Jul / 2022 -1.41% 17.00%
Ecuador 9.02 Jul / 2022 6.48% 66.81%
Egypt 37.12 Apr / 2022 -9.41% -7.98%
El Salvador 3.89 Jul / 2022 4.79% 24.71%
Estonia 2.35 Jul / 2022 -4.72% 18.67%
Ethiopia 99.17 Q4 / 2021 -21.20% -17.54%
Euro area 1122.09 Jun / 2022 1.75% 29.12%
Fiji 3.10 Mar / 2022 -3.10% 30.79%
Finland 15.34 Jun / 2022 2.48% 36.52%
France 231.62 Jul / 2022 -1.80% 26.18%
Gambia 27.29 Jan / 2022 0.07% 36.74%
Georgia 4.16 Jul / 2022 8.63% 7.33%
Germany 280.91 Jul / 2022 -2.78% 27.82%
Ghana 7.25 Jun / 2022 -18.28% -28.91%
Greece 10.96 Jul / 2022 -5.02% 16.70%
Guatemala 19.87 Jun / 2022 -4.28% 6.01%
Guinea 1.85 Sep / 2021 16.53% 26.98%
Guinea-Bissau 55.20 May / 2022 3.18% 79.22%
Guyana 148.23 Jun / 2022 4.90% 15.95%
Haiti 185.75 Feb / 2021 11.48% -15.04%
Honduras 8.66 Jul / 2022 -1.71% -3.12%
Hong Kong 441.70 Jul / 2022 -5.15% -10.73%
Hungary 35.84 Jul / 2022 4.46% 14.10%
Iceland 881.01 Jun / 2022 0.16% 2.97%
India 45688.03 Jul / 2022 0.01% -1.05%
Indonesia 136.38 Jun / 2022 -1.98% -0.52%
Iraq 97364.00 Mar / 2022 5.23% 14.84%
Ireland 12.53 Jul / 2022 5.15% 87.09%
Israel 193.62 Jun / 2022 -6.02% -3.24%
Italy 215.27 Jul / 2022 -2.22% 23.28%
Ivory Coast 1405.90 May / 2022 -4.64% 48.13%
Jamaica 4.24 Jul / 2022 -2.62% -0.35%
Japan 1323.03 Jul / 2022 0.06% -4.58%
Jordan 14.43 May / 2022 -2.18% 9.56%
Kazakhstan 15646.66 Jul / 2022 4.93% 5.37%
Kenya 9.03 Apr / 2022 1.35% 15.19%
Kuwait 12.82 Jun / 2022 4.05% -2.42%
Kyrgyzstan 2.89 Dec / 2021 -8.35% 2.90%
Laos 1.29 Mar / 2022 2.19% 2.86%
Latvia 4.77 Jul / 2022 -1.45% 7.63%
Lebanon 48356.96 Jun / 2022 -6.30% -12.78%
Lesotho 0.78 Apr / 2020 -2.92% -11.00%
Liberia 0.67 Jan / 2022 2.66% 125.77%
Libya 77.53 May / 2022 3.65% 10.37%
Lithuania 5.40 Jul / 2022 -1.64% 19.45%
Luxembourg 2.69 Jun / 2022 2.58% 183.57%
Macao 214.05 Jun / 2022 -0.63% 2.05%
North Macedonia 3.20 Jul / 2022 -1.35% -9.89%
Madagascar 2.25 May / 2022 -0.09% 14.46%
Malawi 374.50 Apr / 2022 -9.50% -17.49%
Malaysia 109.00 Jun / 2022 -5.71% -1.89%
Maldives 0.75 Jun / 2022 -13.26% -17.75%
Mali 486.80 May / 2022 -0.35% 53.32%
Malta 1.13 Jun / 2022 -8.67% 38.50%
Mauritania 1.90 Jun / 2022 -5.91% 7.26%
Mauritius 316.57 Jul / 2022 0.67% 1.70%
Mexico 199.48 Jul / 2022 0.15% 3.13%
Moldova 3.73 Jul / 2022 11.36% -1.02%
Mongolia 3.10 Jun / 2022 -6.67% -34.54%
Montenegro 1.66 Jun / 2022 -1.73% 20.73%
Morocco 329.40 Jun / 2022 -0.98% 9.51%
Mozambique 205.81 Jan / 2022 -3.45% -30.00%
Namibia 45.96 Jun / 2022 12.79% 22.99%
Nepal 1120.95 Jun / 2022 0.88% -12.02%
Netherlands 60.03 Jul / 2022 -2.25% 35.95%
New Zealand 21.16 Jul / 2022 16.03% 20.24%
Nicaragua 4.35 Jun / 2022 3.32% 20.39%
Niger 328.40 May / 2022 -1.14% 78.87%
Nigeria 39.28 Mar / 2022 -2.37% 11.78%
Norway 763.44 Jul / 2022 4.83% 5.62%
Oman 6.71 May / 2022 -11.56% -3.47%
Pakistan 14.21 Jul / 2022 -14.16% -42.83%
Palestine 0.90 Jul / 2022 4.93% 9.36%
Papua New Guinea 3.08 Mar / 2022 -6.36% 32.02%
Paraguay 9.40 Jul / 2022 0.63% -7.54%
Peru 74.21 Jul / 2022 -2.38% 4.39%
Philippines 98.83 Jul / 2022 -6.24% -7.77%
Poland 730.60 Jul / 2022 8.95% 16.68%
Portugal 28.89 Jul / 2022 -3.01% 10.02%
Qatar 153.42 Apr / 2022 0.16% 3.09%
Romania 48.52 Jul / 2022 4.27% 9.95%
Russia 584.12 Jun / 2022 -3.68% -1.29%
Rwanda 1.83 May / 2022 9.14% 20.83%
Samoa 0.80 Q4 / 2021 -1.18% 3.89%
Sao Tome and Principe 0.07 May / 2022 -9.61% -3.35%
Saudi Arabia 1750.11 Jun / 2022 3.40% 4.66%
Senegal 760.40 May / 2022 -3.58% 167.75%
Serbia 14.78 Jun / 2022 3.35% 4.85%
Seychelles 9.07 Jun / 2022 -8.79% 2.17%
Sierra Leone 10487.49 Apr / 2022 -3.08% 42.19%
Singapore 398.55 Jul / 2022 -20.96% -27.81%
Slovakia 10.16 Jul / 2022 7.80% 30.85%
Slovenia 2.19 Jul / 2022 2.52% 92.44%
Solomon Islands 5.44 Jul / 2022 -2.05% -2.26%
South Africa 983.11 Jul / 2022 3.05% 24.05%
South Korea 438.60 Jul / 2022 -2.38% -3.41%
Spain 87.51 Jul / 2022 2.20% 30.41%
Suriname 0.98 Jun / 2022 9.26% 51.36%
Swaziland 8.74 Jun / 2022 24.53% 5.35%
Sweden 635.82 Jul / 2022 11.58% 28.61%
Switzerland 919.51 Jun / 2022 -6.45% -8.25%
Taiwan 16475.08 Jun / 2022 3.89% 7.63%
Tajikistan 33.32 May / 2022 17.96% 30.98%
Tanzania 5.58 Q1 / 2022 -12.60% 10.63%
Thailand 8101.54 Jul / 2022 3.22% -0.70%
Togo 307.40 May / 2022 -0.32% 71.06%
Tonga 0.88 May / 2022 1.51% 27.69%
Trinidad and Tobago 7.37 May / 2022 1.21% -0.34%
Tunisia 24.21 Mar / 2022 -3.09% 3.30%
Turkey 98.34 Jun / 2022 -7.15% 0.67%
USA 238.58 Jun / 2022 -3.89% 70.19%
Uganda 4.10 Jun / 2022 -8.16% -1.32%
Ukraine 22.39 Jul / 2022 -16.92% -22.68%
United Arab Emirates 442.31 May / 2022 -6.96% 9.93%
United Kingdom 208.80 Jul / 2022 -5.33% 1.98%
Uruguay 15.93 Jul / 2022 -2.22% -4.12%
Vanuatu 73.42 Q3 / 2021 10.25% 18.64%
Venezuela 10.31 Jul / 2022 -3.05% 65.13%
Zambia 2.87 Mar / 2022 3.57% 141.15%
Zimbabwe 111.77 Mar / 2022 -1.84% 911.29%
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