* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Foreign exchange reserves including gold, billion USD, 2021 - Country rankings:

The average for 2021 based on 9 countries was 201.26 billion U.S. dollars.The highest value was in India: 638.48 billion U.S. dollars and the lowest value was in Laos: 1.48 billion U.S. dollars. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion U.S. dollars; Source: The World Bank
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Reserves, 2021 Global rank Available data
India 638.48 1 1960 - 2021
Singapore 425.1 2 1960 - 2021
Thailand 246.03 3 1960 - 2021
Indonesia 144.91 4 1960 - 2021
Malaysia 116.92 5 1960 - 2021
Vietnam 109.37 6 1995 - 2021
Philippines 108.75 7 1960 - 2021
Cambodia 20.27 8 1993 - 2021
Laos 1.48 9 1988 - 2021

Economic outlook around the world

Definition: Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end (December 31) London prices. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
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