* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Refugee population, 2022:

The average for 2022 based on 158 countries was 221467 refugees. The highest value was in Turkey: 3568259 refugees and the lowest value was in Fiji: 5 refugees. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2022. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: refugees; Source: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Refugee population, 2022 Global rank Available data
Turkey 3568259 1 1960 - 2022
Iran 3425091 2 1962 - 2022
Jordan 3062851 3 1960 - 2022
Palestine 2454258 4 1960 - 2022
Germany 2075445 5 1960 - 2022
Pakistan 1743785 6 1979 - 2022
Uganda 1463523 7 1961 - 2022
Lebanon 1306143 8 1960 - 2022
Russia 1277672 9 1996 - 2022
Sudan 1097128 10 1967 - 2022
Poland 971129 11 1991 - 2022
Bangladesh 952384 12 1978 - 2022
Ethiopia 879598 13 1968 - 2022
France 612934 14 1960 - 2022
Syria 593844 15 1960 - 2022
Chad 592764 16 1992 - 2022
DR Congo 520544 17 1960 - 2022
Kenya 504473 18 1970 - 2022
Cameroon 473887 19 1970 - 2022
Czechia 435212 20 1991 - 2022
USA 363059 21 1960 - 2022
UK 328989 22 1960 - 2022
Spain 317751 23 1961 - 2022
Italy 296181 24 1960 - 2022
Egypt 294632 25 1964 - 2022
Sweden 277726 26 1960 - 2022
Iraq 273716 27 1979 - 2022
Austria 258613 28 1960 - 2022
Niger 255307 29 1977 - 2022
India 242835 30 1964 - 2022
Netherlands 218457 31 1960 - 2022
Tanzania 206229 32 1961 - 2022
Switzerland 182474 33 1960 - 2022
Bulgaria 176297 34 1992 - 2022
Greece 160761 35 1960 - 2022
Belgium 151408 36 1960 - 2022
Canada 140621 37 1960 - 2022
Malaysia 134554 38 1977 - 2022
Rwanda 120753 39 1965 - 2022
Romania 105621 40 1977 - 2022
Moldova 105374 41 1999 - 2022
Mauritania 100981 42 1987 - 2022
Algeria 99107 43 1970 - 2022
Slovakia 96563 44 1993 - 2022
Mexico 95579 45 1970 - 2022
Thailand 94472 46 1975 - 2022
Nigeria 91275 47 1976 - 2022
Burundi 84636 48 1961 - 2022
Ireland 81256 49 1984 - 2022
Yemen 77458 50 1977 - 2022
Norway 75311 51 1960 - 2022
Finland 69553 52 1984 - 2022
Denmark 67772 53 1960 - 2022
Lithuania 67638 54 1997 - 2022
Brazil 67522 55 1969 - 2022
South Africa 66596 56 1993 - 2022
Zambia 61159 57 1965 - 2022
Mali 60637 58 1971 - 2022
Ecuador 60125 59 1972 - 2022
Portugal 59777 60 1975 - 2022
Australia 54430 61 1965 - 2022
Afghanistan 52159 62 1990 - 2022
R. of Congo 41557 63 1969 - 2022
Estonia 40806 64 2001 - 2022
Latvia 39055 65 1999 - 2022
Hungary 35370 66 1989 - 2022
Malawi 35162 67 1986 - 2022
Armenia 34634 68 1992 - 2022
Burkina Faso 34375 69 1983 - 2022
Montenegro 32438 70 2006 - 2022
Venezuela 29341 71 1969 - 2022
Cyprus 29280 72 1968 - 2022
Georgia 27839 73 1995 - 2022
Serbia 26521 74 1965 - 2022
Angola 25514 75 1976 - 2022
Croatia 20638 76 1992 - 2022
Djibouti 20383 77 1977 - 2022
Belarus 19715 78 1994 - 2022
Nepal 19560 79 1964 - 2022
Japan 17406 80 1977 - 2022
Somalia 16023 81 1977 - 2022
Costa Rica 14088 82 1972 - 2022
Uzbekistan 13026 83 1993 - 2022
Luxembourg 11952 84 1960 - 2022
Senegal 11802 85 1963 - 2022
C.A. Republic 11213 86 1964 - 2022
Malta 11098 87 1993 - 2022
Papua N.G. 10524 88 1978 - 2022
Zimbabwe 10475 89 1980 - 2022
Indonesia 9785 90 1978 - 2022
Togo 9300 91 1961 - 2022
Slovenia 8705 92 1992 - 2022
Tajikistan 8608 93 1992 - 2022
Ghana 8531 94 1969 - 2022
Morocco 7907 95 1960 - 2022
Peru 6543 96 1970 - 2022
Azerbaijan 6414 97 1992 - 2022
Ivory Coast 5636 98 1969 - 2022
Paraguay 5420 99 1969 - 2022
Iceland 5240 100 1990 - 2022
Mozambique 4992 101 1975 - 2022
Namibia 4685 102 1991 - 2022
Argentina 4094 103 1969 - 2022
South Korea 3825 104 1978 - 2022
Gambia 3685 105 1990 - 2022
Tr.&Tobago 3424 106 2007 - 2022
Tunisia 3299 107 1960 - 2022
Albania 2676 108 1992 - 2022
Panama 2576 109 1972 - 2022
Ukraine 2520 110 1994 - 2022
Libya 2208 111 1993 - 2022
Guinea 2199 112 1990 - 2022
Chile 2133 113 1969 - 2022
New Zealand 1791 114 1967 - 2022
Benin 1779 115 1969 - 2022
Colombia 1607 116 1970 - 2022
UA Emirates 1399 117 1968 - 2022
Israel 1207 118 1998 - 2022
Swaziland 1173 119 1970 - 2022
Bolivia 1116 120 1972 - 2022
Uruguay 1115 121 1970 - 2022
Philippines 856 122 1975 - 2022
Botswana 733 123 1968 - 2022
Guatemala 701 124 1972 - 2022
Kuwait 684 125 1979 - 2022
North Macedonia 635 126 1992 - 2022
Liberia 620 127 1969 - 2022
Domin. Rep. 546 128 1970 - 2022
Liechtenstein 524 129 2000 - 2022
Sri Lanka 504 130 1991 - 2022
Saudi Arabia 454 131 1974 - 2022
China 320 132 1966 - 2022
Nicaragua 312 133 1972 - 2022
Kazakhstan 308 134 1993 - 2022
Oman 295 135 2004 - 2022
Hong Kong 285 136 1964 - 2022
Bosnia & Herz. 274 137 1997 - 2022
Kyrgyzstan 274 138 1993 - 2022
Bahrain 255 139 1974 - 2022
Lesotho 251 140 1970 - 2022
Gabon 205 141 1969 - 2022
Qatar 197 142 1980 - 2022
Honduras 165 143 1972 - 2022
Belize 145 144 1980 - 2022
Eritrea 119 145 1993 - 2022
Madagascar 119 146 1994 - 2022
El Salvador 104 147 1972 - 2022
Jamaica 31 148 1991 - 2022
Suriname 25 149 1992 - 2022
Cambodia 24 150 1964 - 2022
G.-Bissau 24 151 1981 - 2022
Monaco 17 152 2011 - 2022
Turkmenistan 14 153 1993 - 2022
Comoros 12 154 1999 - 2022
Guyana 12 155 1972 - 2022
Bahamas 10 156 1992 - 2022
Mongolia 10 157 2006 - 2022
Fiji 5 158 1995 - 2022



Definition: Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.

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