* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Population density, people per square km, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 47 countries was 599 people per square km. The highest value was in Monaco: 17604 people per square km and the lowest value was in Iceland: 4 people per square km. The indicator is available from 1961 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: people per square km; Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Population density, 2021 Global rank Available data
Monaco 17604 1 1961 - 2021
Gibraltar 3267 2 1961 - 2021
Malta 1620 3 1961 - 2021
San Marino 562 4 1961 - 2021
Netherlands 521 5 1961 - 2021
Belgium 383 6 2000 - 2021
UK 277 7 1961 - 2021
Luxembourg 249 8 2000 - 2021
Liechtenstein 244 9 1961 - 2021
Germany 238 10 1961 - 2021
Switzerland 220 11 1961 - 2021
Italy 200 12 1961 - 2021
Andorra 168 13 1961 - 2021
Denmark 146 14 1961 - 2021
Czechia 136 15 1993 - 2021
Cyprus 135 16 1961 - 2021
France 124 17 1961 - 2021
Poland 123 18 1961 - 2021
Portugal 113 19 1961 - 2021
Slovakia 113 20 1993 - 2021
Austria 109 21 1961 - 2021
Turkey 109 22 1961 - 2021
Hungary 106 23 1961 - 2021
Slovenia 105 24 1992 - 2021
Albania 103 25 1961 - 2021
Spain 95 26 1961 - 2021
Moldova 90 27 1992 - 2021
Romania 83 28 1961 - 2021
Greece 82 29 1961 - 2021
North Macedonia 82 30 1992 - 2021
Serbia 81 31 2006 - 2021
Ukraine 76 32 1992 - 2021
Ireland 73 33 1961 - 2021
Croatia 69 34 1992 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 64 35 1992 - 2021
Bulgaria 63 36 1961 - 2021
Belarus 46 37 1992 - 2021
Montenegro 46 38 2006 - 2021
Lithuania 45 39 1992 - 2021
Faroe Isl. 39 40 1961 - 2021
Estonia 31 41 1992 - 2021
Latvia 30 42 1992 - 2021
Sweden 26 43 1961 - 2021
Finland 18 44 1961 - 2021
Norway 15 45 1961 - 2021
Russia 9 46 1992 - 2021
Iceland 4 47 1961 - 2021



Definition: Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
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