* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Pension fund assets as percent of GDP, 2019 - Country rankings:

The average for 2019 based on 36 countries was 32.75 percent.The highest value was in the Netherlands: 191.85 percent and the lowest value was in Ukraine: 0.08 percent. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2019. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Pension fund assets to GDP, 2019 Global rank Available data
Netherlands 191.85 1 1997 - 2019
Iceland 175 2 2001 - 2019
Switzerland 152.5 3 1994 - 2019
UK 123.31 4 2001 - 2019
Sweden 99.83 5 2001 - 2019
Finland 59.52 6 2001 - 2019
Malta 48.25 7 2011 - 2019
Denmark 37.81 8 2001 - 2019
Ireland 37.23 9 2001 - 2019
Belgium 34.98 10 1998 - 2019
Croatia 29.53 11 2002 - 2019
Estonia 17.63 12 2004 - 2019
Latvia 16.66 13 2001 - 2019
Bulgaria 13.05 14 2000 - 2019
Slovakia 12.64 15 2005 - 2019
North Macedonia 11.26 16 2006 - 2019
Italy 10.87 17 2001 - 2019
Norway 10.82 18 1995 - 2019
France 10.57 19 2006 - 2019
Portugal 10.23 20 2001 - 2019
Spain 9.26 21 1998 - 2019
Czechia 8.83 22 2001 - 2019
Lithuania 8.26 23 2004 - 2019
Germany 7.5 24 2001 - 2019
Slovenia 7.25 25 2003 - 2019
Poland 6.86 26 2000 - 2019
Austria 6.11 27 1991 - 2019
Romania 6.09 28 2008 - 2019
Russia 4 29 2005 - 2019
Hungary 3.78 30 1998 - 2019
Turkey 2.93 31 2003 - 2019
Luxembourg 2.83 32 2004 - 2019
Greece 0.85 33 2007 - 2019
Serbia 0.83 34 2006 - 2019
Albania 0.17 35 2007 - 2019
Ukraine 0.08 36 2000 - 2019


Definition: Ratio of assets of pension funds to GDP. A pension fund is any plan, fund, or scheme that provides retirement income. Data taken from a variety of sources such as OECD, AIOS, FIAP and national sources.
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