* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Pension fund assets as percent of GDP, 2020:

The average for 2020 based on 33 countries was 25.51 percent. The highest value was in Switzerland: 166.01 percent and the lowest value was in Ukraine: 0.08 percent. The indicator is available from 1990 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: The World Bank
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Pension fund assets to GDP, 2020 Global rank Available data
Switzerland 166.01 1 1994 - 2020
UK 124.2 2 2001 - 2020
Sweden 108.87 3 2001 - 2020
Finland 64.44 4 2001 - 2020
Malta 54.12 5 2011 - 2020
Belgium 39.9 6 2000 - 2020
Ireland 35.51 7 2001 - 2020
Croatia 33.79 8 2002 - 2020
Estonia 21.77 9 2002 - 2020
Latvia 19.34 10 2001 - 2020
Bulgaria 14.42 11 2000 - 2020
Slovakia 14.33 12 2005 - 2020
North Macedonia 13.49 13 2006 - 2020
Italy 12.64 14 2001 - 2020
Norway 12.34 15 2001 - 2020
France 12.18 16 2006 - 2020
Portugal 11.52 17 2001 - 2020
Spain 10.51 18 1998 - 2020
Lithuania 9.78 19 2004 - 2020
Czechia 9.52 20 2001 - 2020
Germany 8.19 21 2001 - 2020
Slovenia 8 22 2003 - 2020
Romania 7.4 23 2008 - 2020
Austria 6.58 24 1991 - 2020
Poland 6.43 25 2000 - 2020
Russia 4.33 26 2005 - 2020
Hungary 3.96 27 2001 - 2020
Turkey 3.36 28 2004 - 2020
Luxembourg 2.85 29 2004 - 2020
Greece 0.99 30 2007 - 2020
Serbia 0.85 31 2006 - 2020
Albania 0.22 32 2007 - 2020
Ukraine 0.08 33 2000 - 2020



Definition: Ratio of assets of pension funds to GDP. A pension fund is any plan, fund, or scheme that provides retirement income. Data taken from a variety of sources such as OECD, AIOS, FIAP and national sources.
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