* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Oil reserves, billion barrels, 2021:

The average for 2021 based on 187 countries was 9.09 billion barrels. The highest value was in Venezuela: 303.81 billion barrels and the lowest value was in Afghanistan: 0 billion barrels. The indicator is available from 1980 to 2021. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: billion barrels; Source: The U.S. Energy Information Administration
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Oil reserves, 2021 Global rank Available data
Venezuela 303.81 1 1980 - 2021
Saudi Arabia 258.6 2 1980 - 2021
Iran 208.6 3 1980 - 2021
Canada 170.3 4 1980 - 2021
Iraq 145.02 5 1980 - 2021
Kuwait 101.5 6 1980 - 2021
UA Emirates 97.8 7 1980 - 2021
Russia 80 8 1997 - 2021
Libya 48.36 9 1980 - 2021
USA 44.42 10 1980 - 2021
Nigeria 36.89 11 1980 - 2021
Kazakhstan 30 12 1997 - 2021
China 26.02 13 1980 - 2021
Qatar 25.24 14 1980 - 2021
Brazil 12.71 15 1980 - 2021
Algeria 12.2 16 1980 - 2021
Ecuador 8.27 17 1980 - 2021
Norway 8.12 18 1980 - 2021
Angola 7.78 19 1980 - 2021
Azerbaijan 7 20 1997 - 2021
Mexico 5.79 21 1980 - 2021
Oman 5.37 22 1980 - 2021
India 4.6 23 1980 - 2021
Vietnam 4.4 24 1991 - 2021
Malaysia 3.6 25 1980 - 2021
Egypt 3.3 26 1980 - 2021
Yemen 3 27 1986 - 2021
R. of Congo 2.88 28 1980 - 2021
Syria 2.5 29 1980 - 2021
Uganda 2.5 30 1980 - 2021
UK 2.5 31 1980 - 2021
Argentina 2.48 32 1980 - 2021
Indonesia 2.48 33 1980 - 2021
Australia 2.45 34 1980 - 2021
Colombia 2.04 35 1980 - 2021
Gabon 2 36 1980 - 2021
Chad 1.5 37 2006 - 2021
Sudan 1.25 38 1982 - 2021
Brunei 1.1 39 1980 - 2021
Eq. Guinea 1.1 40 1993 - 2021
Peru 0.86 41 1980 - 2021
Ghana 0.66 42 1980 - 2021
Romania 0.6 43 1991 - 2021
Turkmenistan 0.6 44 1997 - 2021
Uzbekistan 0.59 45 1997 - 2021
Pakistan 0.54 46 1980 - 2021
Italy 0.5 47 1980 - 2021
Denmark 0.44 48 1980 - 2021
Tunisia 0.43 49 1980 - 2021
Ukraine 0.4 50 1997 - 2021
Turkey 0.37 51 1980 - 2021
Thailand 0.25 52 1980 - 2021
Bolivia 0.24 53 1980 - 2021
Tr.&Tobago 0.24 54 1980 - 2021
Belarus 0.2 55 1997 - 2021
Cameroon 0.2 56 1980 - 2021
Bahrain 0.19 57 1980 - 2021
DR Congo 0.18 58 1980 - 2021
Papua N.G. 0.16 59 1985 - 2021
Albania 0.15 60 1992 - 2021
Chile 0.15 61 1980 - 2021
Niger 0.15 62 1980 - 2021
Spain 0.15 63 1980 - 2021
Burma 0.14 64 1980 - 2021
Netherlands 0.14 65 1980 - 2021
Philippines 0.14 66 1980 - 2021
Cuba 0.12 67 1991 - 2021
Germany 0.12 68 1991 - 2021
Poland 0.11 69 1992 - 2021
Ivory Coast 0.1 70 1981 - 2021
Guatemala 0.09 71 1980 - 2021
Suriname 0.09 72 1986 - 2021
Serbia 0.08 73 2006 - 2021
Croatia 0.07 74 1993 - 2021
France 0.06 75 1980 - 2021
Austria 0.04 76 1980 - 2021
Georgia 0.04 77 1997 - 2021
Japan 0.04 78 1980 - 2021
New Zealand 0.04 79 1980 - 2021
Bangladesh 0.03 80 1988 - 2021
Bulgaria 0.02 81 1992 - 2021
Czechia 0.02 82 1996 - 2021
Mauritania 0.02 83 2007 - 2021
South Africa 0.02 84 1983 - 2021
Belize 0.01 85 2007 - 2021
Benin 0.01 86 1984 - 2021
Greece 0.01 87 1980 - 2021
Hungary 0.01 88 1992 - 2021
Israel 0.01 89 1980 - 2021
Lithuania 0.01 90 1997 - 2021
Slovakia 0.01 91 1996 - 2021
Tajikistan 0.01 92 1997 - 2021
Afghanistan 0 93 1980 - 2021
Ant.& Barb. 0 94 1980 - 2021
Armenia 0 95 1997 - 2021
Aruba 0 96 1986 - 2021
Bahamas 0 97 1980 - 2021
Barbados 0 98 1980 - 2021
Belgium 0 99 1980 - 2021
Bermuda 0 100 1980 - 2021
Bhutan 0 101 1980 - 2021
Bosnia & Herz. 0 102 1993 - 2021
Botswana 0 103 1980 - 2021
Burkina Faso 0 104 1980 - 2021
Burundi 0 105 1980 - 2021
Cambodia 0 106 1980 - 2021
Cape Verde 0 107 1980 - 2021
C.A. Republic 0 108 1980 - 2021
Comoros 0 109 1980 - 2021
Cyprus 0 110 1980 - 2021
Djibouti 0 111 1980 - 2021
Dominica 0 112 1980 - 2021
Domin. Rep. 0 113 1980 - 2021
El Salvador 0 114 1980 - 2021
Eritrea 0 115 1994 - 2021
Estonia 0 116 1997 - 2021
Ethiopia 0 117 1997 - 2021
Faroe Isl. 0 118 1980 - 2021
Fiji 0 119 1980 - 2021
Finland 0 120 1980 - 2021
Gambia 0 121 1980 - 2021
Gibraltar 0 122 1980 - 2021
Grenada 0 123 1980 - 2021
Guinea 0 124 1980 - 2021
G.-Bissau 0 125 1980 - 2021
Guyana 0 126 1980 - 2021
Haiti 0 127 1980 - 2021
Honduras 0 128 1980 - 2021
Hong Kong 0 129 1980 - 2021
Iceland 0 130 1980 - 2021
Ireland 0 131 1980 - 2021
Jamaica 0 132 1980 - 2021
Jordan 0 133 1988 - 2021
Kenya 0 134 1980 - 2021
Kiribati 0 135 1980 - 2021
Laos 0 136 1980 - 2021
Latvia 0 137 1997 - 2021
Lebanon 0 138 1980 - 2021
Lesotho 0 139 1980 - 2021
Liberia 0 140 1980 - 2021
Luxembourg 0 141 1980 - 2021
Macao 0 142 1980 - 2021
Madagascar 0 143 1980 - 2021
Malawi 0 144 1980 - 2021
Maldives 0 145 1980 - 2021
Mali 0 146 1980 - 2021
Malta 0 147 1980 - 2021
Mauritius 0 148 1980 - 2021
Moldova 0 149 1997 - 2021
Montenegro 0 150 2006 - 2021
Montserrat 0 151 1980 - 2021
Morocco 0 152 1980 - 2021
Mozambique 0 153 1980 - 2021
Namibia 0 154 1990 - 2021
Nepal 0 155 1980 - 2021
N. Caledonia 0 156 1980 - 2021
Nicaragua 0 157 1980 - 2021
North Korea 0 158 1980 - 2021
North Macedonia 0 159 1993 - 2021
Panama 0 160 1980 - 2021
Paraguay 0 161 1980 - 2021
Portugal 0 162 1980 - 2021
Puerto Rico 0 163 1980 - 2021
Rwanda 0 164 1980 - 2021
Saint Lucia 0 165 1980 - 2021
St. Vincent & ... 0 166 1980 - 2021
Samoa 0 167 1980 - 2021
S.T.&Principe 0 168 1980 - 2021
Senegal 0 169 1980 - 2021
Seychelles 0 170 1980 - 2021
Sierra Leone 0 171 1980 - 2021
Singapore 0 172 1980 - 2021
Slovenia 0 173 1993 - 2021
Solomon Isl. 0 174 1980 - 2021
Somalia 0 175 1980 - 2021
Sri Lanka 0 176 1980 - 2021
Swaziland 0 177 1980 - 2021
Sweden 0 178 1980 - 2021
Switzerland 0 179 1980 - 2021
Taiwan 0 180 1980 - 2021
Tanzania 0 181 1980 - 2021
Togo 0 182 1980 - 2021
Tonga 0 183 1980 - 2021
Uruguay 0 184 1980 - 2021
Vanuatu 0 185 1980 - 2021
Zambia 0 186 1980 - 2021
Zimbabwe 0 187 1980 - 2021



Definition: Proved reserves of crude oil are the estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil, which geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.

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303.81
258.60
208.60
170.30
145.02
101.50
97.80
80.00
48.36
44.42
36.89
30.00
26.02
25.24
12.71
12.20
8.27
8.12
7.78
7.00
5.79
5.37
4.60
4.40
3.60
3.30
3.00
2.88
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.48
2.48
2.45
2.04
2.00
1.50
1.25
1.10
1.10
0.86
0.66
0.60
0.60
0.59
0.54
0.50
0.44
0.43
0.40
0.37
0.25
0.24
0.24
0.20
0.20
0.19
0.18
0.16
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.12
0.12
0.11
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.07
0.06
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
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0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
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0.00
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76
151.9
227.9
303.81
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