* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Military spending, percent of GDP, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 41 countries was 1.71 percent.The highest value was in Russia: 4.26 percent and the lowest value was in Ireland: 0.29 percent. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
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* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Military spending, percent of GDP, 2020 Global rank Available data
Russia 4.26 1 1992 - 2020
Ukraine 4.13 2 1993 - 2020
Greece 2.8 3 1960 - 2020
Turkey 2.77 4 1960 - 2020
Estonia 2.31 5 1993 - 2020
Romania 2.31 6 1980 - 2020
Latvia 2.3 7 1993 - 2020
UK 2.25 8 1960 - 2020
Poland 2.22 9 1980 - 2020
Portugal 2.14 10 1960 - 2020
Lithuania 2.12 11 1993 - 2020
Serbia 2.11 12 1996 - 2020
France 2.07 13 1960 - 2020
Montenegro 2.05 14 2005 - 2020
Norway 1.94 15 1960 - 2020
Croatia 1.85 16 1992 - 2020
Bulgaria 1.82 17 1989 - 2020
Slovakia 1.81 18 1993 - 2020
Cyprus 1.78 19 1985 - 2020
Hungary 1.61 20 1970 - 2020
Italy 1.57 21 1960 - 2020
Albania 1.54 22 1980 - 2020
Euro area 1.54 23 1960 - 2020
Finland 1.53 24 1960 - 2020
Denmark 1.44 25 1960 - 2020
Netherlands 1.42 26 1960 - 2020
Germany 1.4 27 1960 - 2020
Spain 1.4 28 1960 - 2020
Czechia 1.35 29 1993 - 2020
North Macedonia 1.28 30 1996 - 2020
Belarus 1.25 31 1992 - 2020
Sweden 1.22 32 1960 - 2020
Slovenia 1.1 33 1992 - 2020
Belgium 1.08 34 1960 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 0.88 35 2002 - 2020
Austria 0.84 36 1960 - 2020
Switzerland 0.78 37 1960 - 2020
Luxembourg 0.76 38 1960 - 2020
Malta 0.56 39 1985 - 2020
Moldova 0.37 40 1993 - 2020
Ireland 0.29 41 1960 - 2020


Economic outlook

Definition: Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities. Also: military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions; operations and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid. Defense and current expenditure for past military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and weapon destruction, are not included.
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