* indicates monthly or quarterly data series

Military spending, percent of GDP, 2020 - Country rankings:

The average for 2020 based on 147 countries was 1.97 percent.The highest value was in Oman: 10.87 percent and the lowest value was in Costa Rica: 0 percent. The indicator is available from 1960 to 2020. Below is a chart for all countries where data are available.

Measure: percent; Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
Select indicator
* indicates monthly or quarterly data series


Countries Military spending, percent of GDP, 2020 Global rank Available data
Oman 10.87 1 1971 - 2020
Saudi Arabia 8.45 2 1963 - 2020
Algeria 6.66 3 1963 - 2020
Kuwait 6.5 4 1970 - 2020
Israel 5.62 5 1960 - 2020
Azerbaijan 5.39 6 1992 - 2020
Jordan 4.96 7 1960 - 2020
Armenia 4.86 8 1992 - 2020
Morocco 4.28 9 1960 - 2020
Russia 4.26 10 1992 - 2020
Ukraine 4.13 11 1993 - 2020
Brunei 4.08 12 1984 - 2020
Bahrain 4.07 13 1975 - 2020
Iraq 4.05 14 1960 - 2020
Pakistan 4.02 15 1960 - 2020
USA 3.74 16 1960 - 2020
Botswana 3.5 17 1977 - 2020
Colombia 3.38 18 1960 - 2020
R. of Congo 3.38 19 1970 - 2020
Mali 3.33 20 1961 - 2020
Namibia 3.28 21 1991 - 2020
Singapore 3.2 22 1970 - 2020
Chad 3.08 23 1983 - 2020
Lebanon 3.03 24 1964 - 2020
Tunisia 2.91 25 1960 - 2020
Burma 2.89 26 1961 - 2020
India 2.88 27 1960 - 2020
South Korea 2.85 28 1960 - 2020
Greece 2.8 29 1960 - 2020
Turkey 2.77 30 1960 - 2020
Burkina Faso 2.73 31 1960 - 2020
Uganda 2.6 32 1962 - 2020
Mauritania 2.47 33 1985 - 2020
Cambodia 2.45 34 1986 - 2020
Niger 2.45 35 1975 - 2020
Ecuador 2.41 36 1960 - 2020
Uruguay 2.32 37 1972 - 2020
Estonia 2.31 38 1993 - 2020
Romania 2.31 39 1980 - 2020
Latvia 2.3 40 1993 - 2020
UK 2.25 41 1960 - 2020
Poland 2.22 42 1980 - 2020
Iran 2.16 43 1960 - 2020
Portugal 2.14 44 1960 - 2020
Lithuania 2.12 45 1993 - 2020
Serbia 2.11 46 1996 - 2020
France 2.07 47 1960 - 2020
Australia 2.06 48 1960 - 2020
Montenegro 2.05 49 2005 - 2020
Togo 2.01 50 1961 - 2020
Burundi 1.98 51 1962 - 2020
Norway 1.94 52 1960 - 2020
Sri Lanka 1.93 53 1960 - 2020
C.A. Republic 1.87 54 1991 - 2020
Chile 1.85 55 1960 - 2020
Croatia 1.85 56 1992 - 2020
Swaziland 1.84 57 1977 - 2020
Bulgaria 1.82 58 1989 - 2020
Georgia 1.81 59 1996 - 2020
Slovakia 1.81 60 1993 - 2020
Kyrgyzstan 1.79 61 1992 - 2020
Cyprus 1.78 62 1985 - 2020
Gabon 1.76 63 1967 - 2020
China 1.75 64 1989 - 2020
Fiji 1.75 65 1970 - 2020
G.-Bissau 1.74 66 1982 - 2020
Jamaica 1.74 67 1976 - 2020
Honduras 1.66 68 1960 - 2020
Angola 1.62 69 1985 - 2020
Hungary 1.61 70 1970 - 2020
Senegal 1.61 71 1979 - 2020
Lesotho 1.6 72 1976 - 2020
Seychelles 1.58 73 1985 - 2020
Belize 1.57 74 1981 - 2020
Bolivia 1.57 75 1961 - 2020
Italy 1.57 76 1960 - 2020
Albania 1.54 77 1980 - 2020
Euro area 1.54 78 1960 - 2020
New Zealand 1.54 79 1960 - 2020
Finland 1.53 80 1960 - 2020
El Salvador 1.5 81 1965 - 2020
Thailand 1.47 82 1960 - 2020
Guinea 1.46 83 1980 - 2020
Brazil 1.44 84 1960 - 2020
Denmark 1.44 85 1960 - 2020
Canada 1.42 86 1960 - 2020
Netherlands 1.42 87 1960 - 2020
Germany 1.4 88 1960 - 2020
Rwanda 1.4 89 1973 - 2020
Spain 1.4 90 1960 - 2020
Afghanistan 1.37 91 1970 - 2020
Nepal 1.36 92 1970 - 2020
Czechia 1.35 93 1993 - 2020
Peru 1.34 94 1960 - 2020
Ivory Coast 1.33 95 1962 - 2020
Bangladesh 1.3 96 1973 - 2020
Liberia 1.28 97 1965 - 2020
North Macedonia 1.28 98 1996 - 2020
Belarus 1.25 99 1992 - 2020
Egypt 1.22 100 1962 - 2020
Sweden 1.22 101 1960 - 2020
Guyana 1.2 102 1973 - 2020
Zambia 1.15 103 1984 - 2020
Malaysia 1.14 104 1960 - 2020
Sudan 1.13 105 1960 - 2020
Kenya 1.1 106 1963 - 2020
Malawi 1.1 107 1965 - 2020
Slovenia 1.1 108 1992 - 2020
Belgium 1.08 109 1960 - 2020
Mozambique 1.08 110 1980 - 2020
South Africa 1.07 111 1960 - 2020
Kazakhstan 1.05 112 1993 - 2020
Paraguay 1.04 113 1960 - 2020
Tanzania 1.03 114 1967 - 2020
Cameroon 1.01 115 1970 - 2020
Philippines 1.01 116 1960 - 2020
Tajikistan 1.01 117 1992 - 2020
Japan 1 118 1960 - 2020
Bosnia & Herz. 0.88 119 2002 - 2020
Indonesia 0.86 120 1974 - 2020
Austria 0.84 121 1960 - 2020
Gambia 0.83 122 1983 - 2020
Switzerland 0.78 123 1960 - 2020
Mongolia 0.77 124 1987 - 2020
Argentina 0.76 125 1960 - 2020
Luxembourg 0.76 126 1960 - 2020
DR Congo 0.75 127 1964 - 2020
Domin. Rep. 0.75 128 1960 - 2020
Madagascar 0.74 129 1961 - 2020
Tr.&Tobago 0.68 130 1968 - 2020
Nicaragua 0.65 131 1968 - 2020
Nigeria 0.63 132 1960 - 2020
Cape Verde 0.59 133 1984 - 2020
Sierra Leone 0.58 134 1961 - 2020
Mexico 0.57 135 1960 - 2020
Malta 0.56 136 1985 - 2020
Ethiopia 0.48 137 1961 - 2020
Guatemala 0.48 138 1960 - 2020
Benin 0.47 139 1960 - 2020
Ghana 0.45 140 1960 - 2020
Papua N.G. 0.42 141 1975 - 2020
Moldova 0.37 142 1993 - 2020
Ireland 0.29 143 1960 - 2020
Mauritius 0.16 144 1968 - 2020
Costa Rica 0 145 1960 - 2020
Haiti 0 146 1988 - 2020
Panama 0 147 1987 - 2020


Definition: Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities. Also: military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions; operations and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid. Defense and current expenditure for past military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and weapon destruction, are not included.
10.87
8.45
6.66
6.50
5.62
5.39
4.96
4.86
4.28
4.26
4.13
4.08
4.07
4.05
4.02
3.74
3.50
3.38
3.38
3.33
3.28
3.20
3.08
3.03
2.91
2.89
2.88
2.85
2.80
2.77
2.73
2.60
2.47
2.45
2.45
2.41
2.32
2.31
2.31
2.30
2.25
2.22
2.16
2.14
2.12
2.11
2.07
2.06
2.05
2.01
1.98
1.94
1.93
1.87
1.85
1.85
1.84
1.82
1.81
1.81
1.79
1.78
1.76
1.75
1.75
1.74
1.74
1.66
1.62
1.61
1.61
1.60
1.58
1.57
1.57
1.57
1.54
1.54
1.54
1.53
1.50
1.47
1.46
1.44
1.44
1.42
1.42
1.40
1.40
1.40
1.37
1.36
1.35
1.34
1.33
1.30
1.28
1.28
1.25
1.22
1.22
1.20
1.15
1.14
1.13
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.08
1.08
1.07
1.05
1.04
1.03
1.01
1.01
1.01
1.00
0.88
0.86
0.84
0.83
0.78
0.77
0.76
0.76
0.75
0.75
0.74
0.68
0.65
0.63
0.59
0.58
0.57
0.56
0.48
0.48
0.47
0.45
0.42
0.37
0.29
0.16
0.00
0.00
0.00
0
2.7
5.4
8.2
10.87
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